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By Maxine Sheets-Johnstone

During this ground-breaking interdisciplinary examine approximately conceptual origins, Maxine Sheets-Johnstone indicates that there's an indissoluble bond among hominid pondering and hominid evolution, a bond cemented by means of the dwelling physique. Her thesis is concretely illustrated in 8 paleoanthropological case stories starting from tool-using/tool-making to counting, sexuality, illustration, language, loss of life, and cave artwork. In every one case, proof is introduced ahead that exhibits how considering is modeled at the body-specifically, how options are generated by means of animate shape and the tactile-kinesthetic event. Later chapters significantly research key theoretical and methodological concerns posed by way of the thesis, Sheets-Johnstone demonstrates intimately how and why a corporeal flip in philosophy and the human sciences can yield insights no much less outstanding than these produced by way of the linguistic flip. In confronting the at the moment well known doctrine of cultural relativism and the vintage Western metaphysical dualism of brain and physique, she indicates how pan-cultural invariants of human physically existence were discounted and the way the physique itself has no longer been given its due. through an actual exposition of the way a full-scale hermeneutics and a genetic phenomenology can be conducted with admire to conceptual origins, she indicates how methodological matters are effectively resolved.

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The Roots of Thinking

During this ground-breaking interdisciplinary learn approximately conceptual origins, Maxine Sheets-Johnstone exhibits that there's an indissoluble bond among hominid pondering and hominid evolution, a bond cemented by means of the dwelling physique. Her thesis is concretely illustrated in 8 paleoanthropological case reviews starting from tool-using/tool-making to counting, sexuality, illustration, language, demise, and cave artwork.

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H. Cushing first applied the phrase manual concepts to distinguish using the hands from devising with the hands. 3 TACTILE-KINESTHETIC ANALOGY AND THE CORPOREAL CONCEPTS OF HARDNESS The idea of a similarity between teeth and stones is not a new one but neither has it been analyzed to any depth. " 4 It is not merely efficiency, however, that marks the similarity between teeth and stone tools. While it is likely that the original use of a stone as a tool came about quite accidentally-perhaps one was picked up on a sudden whim and tried out in some way-the making of a tool out of stone involves conceptual thinking.

In crouching, for instance, shoulders and hips retain their topological positions relative to one another. In growing -topologically a form of stretching-corporeal relationships are similarly invariant. The concepts of proximity and separation are clearly rooted and elaborated in just such basic "facts" of hominid life. Whatever the behavior, action, movement, position, or stage of growth, the relationship of body parts is topologically invariant. What are proximal-a hand and wrist, for instance-and what are separated -a head and knee, for instance-remain so regardless of kinetic or passive maturational transformations.

Turner and Edward M. Bruner (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1986), p. 188. In his editorial introduction to the latter text, Bruner writes that "Kapferer, like Fernandez [another anthropologist], starts with the problematic of phenomenology: how individuals transcend their aloneness in the world and come to share lived experience. '1 do not experience your experience': he tells us, ' ... , p. 21. Such characterizations of phenomenology are quite wide of the mark as almost any Husserlian text will show.

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