Download The Life of Reason or The Phases of Human Progress, Book 2: by George Santayana PDF

By George Santayana

Santayana's Life of Reason, released in 5 books from 1905 to 1906, ranks as one of many maximum works in smooth philosophical naturalism. Acknowledging the average fabric bases of human existence, Santayana strains the improvement of the human ability for appreciating and cultivating definitely the right. It is a skill he shows as he articulates a continuity operating via animal impulse, sensible intelligence, and perfect concord in cause, society, paintings, faith, and technological know-how. The paintings is an exquisitely rendered imaginative and prescient of human lifestyles lived sanely.

In this moment publication, Santayana analyzes a number of distinct varieties of human organization, from political and fiscal orders to types of friendship, to figure out what chances they supply for the lifetime of cause. He considers, between different themes, love and the affinity for the perfect, the relations, aristocracy and democracy, the elements of certainly unfastened friendship (including that of husband and wife), patriotism, and the precise society of kindred spirits.

This serious version, quantity VII of The Works of George Santayana, contains a chronology, notes, bibliography, textual observation, lists of editions, and different instruments helpful to Santayana students. The different 4 books of the quantity contain Reason in logic, cause in faith, cause in Art, and Reason in Science.

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Extra resources for The Life of Reason or The Phases of Human Progress, Book 2: Reason in Society

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This assessment was shared by many of Buchler’s predecessors and colleagues at Columbia. 95 Introduction li positivism, neither of which is naturalistic in the intended sense, came to dominate English-speaking philosophy, and James, Santayana, and Dewey went into eclipse. In time, nevertheless, many persons became impatient with the barren state of philosophy, and many of them returned to classic American philosophy, especially to the same three: James, Santayana, and Dewey. Today the scholarship on these figures is decidedly on the increase, and perhaps it will help to return naturalism to prominence.

Santayana was not particularly sophisticated in his knowledge of the sciences nor in his grasp of the nature of scientific methods. Even so, he has sometimes astonishing insights into the subject. In Reason in Science, the final volume of The Life of Reason, he is not centrally interested in scientific method, but in developing ideas about science as a function of the natural world, its bearings on our conception of nature, and its import for the life of reason. Insofar as he speaks of the formal nature of scientific activity, he adopts the ideas of pragmatism, if not always the terminology: scientific theories are fallible, and the method Art, 225.

The eternal has absorbed him while he lived, and when he is dead his influence brings others to the same absorption, making them, through that ideal identity with the best in him, reincarnations and perennial seats of all in him which he could rationally hope to rescue from destruction. ” He moves on in this almost epic work to Reason in Art, volume IV of The Life of Reason. Religion, 271. Religion, 272–73. 55 56 xxxvi Introduction Santayana immediately situates art in the context of nature, thereby to dispose of any occult interpretations of this entrancing phenomenon.

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