By James C. Riley
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Extra info for The Eighteenth-Century Campaign to Avoid Disease
In a similar vein continental physicians had, at least since the fifteenth century, explored links between occupation and disease. But if there is at all a continuous stream in attentiveness to this part of the Hippocratic tradition, that stream lay not in linking disease to the milieu but in accounting for character and temperament by means of climate. Sydenham's contemporary, John Goad, reaffirmed this tradition in a 1686 book entitled Astro-meteorologica, or Aphorisms and Discourses of the Bodies Celestial.
This was suceeeded by Southerly Winds and stinking Fo~s, durin~ which there was observ'd by some Chirurgeons a great Disposition in Wounds to mortify. Both before and durin~ the Continuance of the Disease in England, the Air was warm, beyond the usual Temper of the Season, with ~reat Quantities of sulphureous Vapours, produein~ great Storms of Wind from the South-West, and sometimes Lightning without Thunder. 24 Campaign to Avoid Disease As to the Time of Invasion of the Disease, they were different in different countries.
In short, no distinct boundary between the contagion theory of the sixteenth century and the environmentalist theory of the eighteenth century can be discovered because the two theories Hippocratic Ideas 17 overlapped. What is more, distinetive elements of the two theories were left obseure in the eighteenth eentury by the environmentalists' modifieation and subsummation of eontagion theory. Clifton Wintringham, a leading figure in the seeond generation of British environmentalists, explained how eontagion should be eonstrued.