Download Research techniques in animal ecology: controversies and by Luigi Boitani, Todd Fuller PDF

By Luigi Boitani, Todd Fuller

The current biodiversity concern is rife with possibilities to make very important conservation judgements; despite the fact that, the misuse or misapplication of the tools and methods of animal ecology may have severe outcomes for the survival of species. nonetheless, there were fairly few serious stories of method within the box. This booklet offers an research of a few of the main often used examine strategies in animal ecology, selecting their barriers and misuses, in addition to attainable strategies to prevent such pitfalls. within the procedure, individuals to this quantity current new views at the assortment, research, and interpretation of knowledge. Research suggestions in Animal Ecology is an overarching account of relevant theoretical and methodological controversies within the box, instead of a guide at the trivialities of strategies. The editors have solid entire displays of key themes in animal ecology, equivalent to territory and residential diversity estimates, habitation review, inhabitants viability research, GIS mapping, and measuring the dynamics of societies. impressive a cautious stability, every one bankruptcy starts off by means of assessing the shortcomings and misapplications of the suggestions in query, through an intensive evaluate of the present literature, and concluding with attainable strategies and steered instructions for extra powerful investigations.

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Have lasting phases of different responsiveness from other periods. " (Bullock 1965, p. " (Gallup 1982, p. 243) " We cannot avoid teleological thinking and... " (Henry 1975, pp. 105-6) We must indeed be under some kind of pressure to be so ready to believe in animal purposiveness even when it is impossible to meet the normal scientific requirement for proof. Even when authors do their best to avoid anthropomorphism, they find it difficult. "The study of animal behaviour is unique among the sciences because it begins historically and methodologically with human behaviour, prescinds from human experience, and projects this experience into other 25 CHAPTER 2 animals.

483) thought so, and so evidently did Dunbar. Yet the considered judgement of de Waal, an exceptionally experienced primatologist quoted on this subject by both Asquith (1984) and McFarland (1989#), was different. He described a number of examples of " nonritualised, intelligent forms of deception among semi-captive chimpanzees " which he said, " suggest, but cannot prove, the existence of intentional deception, since many of these examples lend themselves both to complex cognitive and to simpler explanations " (de Waal 1986).

But the fact is that we do not make an impartial, rational choice between these alternatives, coolly weighing their relative merits. That unwelcome truth surfaces in the literature not infrequently, often giving the curious impression that the author is rather embarrassed by it. The following quotations come from an early comparative psychologist, a zoologist, two ethologists, a physiologist and two contemporary psychologists, in that order (my italics in each case). " (Washburn 1926, p. " (Bonner 1980, p.

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