By Audrey Kahin
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Additional resources for Regional Dynamics of the Indonesian Revolution: Unity from Diversity
In Tegal, national committee leaders successfully negotiated the transfer of arms with only one casualty, but in the residency capital bloody fighting broke out on October 3 during negotiations between Resident Tiga Daerah z9 Besar and the Kenpeitai. 18 After a three-day siege by Republican forces the Kenpeitai eventually surrendered, partly as a result of the diplomacy of the resident of neighboring Banyumas (Mr. Iskak Tjokroadisoerjo), whose arrival in Pekalongan with two Japanese advisers ended the deadlock.
Soeprapto, a high official in the governor's office in Semarang and a member of the old bureaucratic elite, arrived in Pekalongan as the new acting resident. 49 Apparently, the provincial government either saw the appointment as a temporary one or it hoped that Soeprapto would be acceptable to the Tiga Daerah leaders. But he was not, and the local revolutionaries set about finding a suitable candidate to replace him. A further incident at this time raised tensions between the popular front leaders and other contending groups in the Tiga Daerah.
By the end of the occupation most peasants did not have enough cerecloth (needed for wrapping the dead), but they knew that corrupt officials were hoarding precious supplies of cloth. The Japanese forced village headmen into the role of landlords, extracting rice from the peasantry to fulfill delivery quotas set at the regency level, and they also had to help their subdistricts meet their corvée quotas. Precipitated in part by a long dry season and late arrival of the monsoon rains, famine conditions existed in the Tiga Daerah by late 1944; people were reported to be eating snails, banana roots, and forest plants, and even to be dying in the streets.