By David Tolhurst
This publication is a suite of brief bills of the lives and works of surgeons who started to use innovations within the 19th and 20th centuries that have been to shape the foundation of reconstructive and plastic surgery and provides upward thrust to the strong point of cosmetic surgery. Descriptions of the tricky and novel surgical operations undertaken by way of those pioneers are integrated, however the emphasis is especially on tales of broadly various and interesting characters, from the unusual or eccentric, resembling Hippolyte Morestin, to the intense or bold and some, akin to the Dutchman Johannes Esser and the mythical Sir Howard Gillies, who have been finished in different fields, together with company, recreation and paintings. it truly is comparable how the 2 global Wars performed a key position within the improvement of recent thoughts and the way the endeavors of the pioneers have been occasionally rejected via obstructive or abusive colleagues, impacting on careers and reputations. Pioneers in cosmetic surgery will entice all with an curiosity within the background of the self-discipline and the figures who formed its delivery and growth.
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Extra info for Pioneers in Plastic Surgery
1007/978-3-319-19539-1_9 31 32 9 Erich Lexer (1867–1937) Lexer was born in Freiburg, Germany, on 22 May 1867, the son of a Professor of German Languages. By the age of nine, he was already showing talent for art and started a course in modelling, sculpturing and painting with a professional sculptor. Painting and drawing of plaster figures and muscle men converted him to anatomy, and it was but a short step further to the study of medicine. During his medical studies, he was much impressed by a hand operation which was being performed by Herman Maas, the successor to Ernst von Bergmann in Wurzberg, and from this moment, Lexer decided to become a surgeon.
Blair’s maternal grandfather, Dr. Timothy Papin, was a distinguished gynaecologist who had studied in Paris and on one occasion acted 11 Vilray P. Blair (1811–1955) 41 as interpreter for Sir James Simpson when he introduced chloroform anaesthesia to the continent. At the time of Blair’s childhood, the population of America was less than 65 million and he wrote that his school was largely surrounded by open countryside. He and his chums rode to school on horseback and often went hunting on their way home.
Incidentally, Brophy’s own son-in-law, William Logan, who is now largely remembered for the Logan bow, was also against these rough techniques and, after careful study on infant cadavers, concluded that palatal closure with wiring was quite unsatisfactory. In time, Blair’s modification of the Mirault cleft lip operation became widely accepted in America, and although he discouraged people from attaching his name to the operation, he was not altogether successful in this respect. This exemplified his modesty, so often the hallmark of a great man, as did his refusal to accept the honour of becoming Chairman of The American Board of Plastic Surgery.