By Marvin L. Deviney and Thomas M. O'Grady (Eds.)
content material: Manufacture of business carbons from petroleum uncooked fabrics / Charles A. Stokes --
Petroleum dependent carbon / Charles L. Mantell --
houses of cokes produced within the flexicoking technique / W.J. Metrailer, R.C. Royle, and G.C. Lahn --
features of petroleum cokes compatible for production of carbon black / William W. Gotshall --
what's petroleum pitch? / John W. Newman --
Characterization of petroleum pitches used for coke creation / W.E. Smith, B. Napier, and O.J. Horne --
lively carbon can so be made from petroleum / Henry C. Messman --
research of sped up and typical getting older of impregnated charcoals / William S. Magee, Jr. --
Carbon fabrics in huge quantity functions / Erle I. Shobert, II --
Laboratory and plant functionality of petroleum pitch / J.W. Pendley and V.L. Bullough --
Machine-fabricated carbon and graphite / Donald E. Corah and John C. Davidson --
Graphites made from eco-friendly petroleum pitch cokes / O.J. Horne and C.R. Kennedy --
strain carbonization of petroleum pitches / R.L. Burns and J.L. cook dinner --
complicated excessive strain graphite processing know-how / William Chard, Michael Conaway, and Dale Niesz --
Structural characterization of graphitic cokes and the goods thereof / W. Bradshaw and V. Mamone --
Graphites for thermostructural software / C.A. Pratt, Jr. --
Formation of carbon-carbon composite fabrics by way of pyrolytic infiltration / J.J. Gebhardt, E.R. Stover, W. Mueller, and J. Yodsnukis --
components affecting the constitution and houses of pyrolytic carbons / C.F. Cullis --
Carbon in prosthetic units / J.C. Bokros, R.J. Akins, H.S. Shim, A.D. Haubold, and N.K. Agarwal --
Mesophase : the precursor to graphitizable carbon / Harry Marsh and Christopher Cornford --
Mesophase mechanisms within the formation of the microstructure of petroleum coke / J.L. White --
excessive modulus carbon fiber tactics / R.J. Diefendorf --
contemporary advancements in carbon fiber remedies / Pierre Ehrburger, Jean-Jacques Herque, and Jean-Baptiste Donnet --
Mechanism of nucleation and development of carbon black / J. Lahaye and G. Prado --
position of acetylenic species in carbon formation / C.F. Cullis --
Microstructure and morphology of carbon blacks / L.L. Ban and W.M. Hess --
overview of electric and thermal homes of carbon and graphite / John A. Woollam --
alterations of electric resistivity of graphite fibers with nitration / F. Lincoln Vogel and R'Sue Popowich --
loose service plasma in graphite compounds / John E. Fischer, Thomas E. Thompson, and F. Lincoln Vogel --
impression of carbon reactivity at the operation of carbon reductants within the iron blast furnace : a comparative research through reflectance microscopy / Robert T. Joseph and William F. Berry --
Comparision of evolution of heteroatoms from coal and petroleum established electrode cokes / Geoffrey M. Kimber and M. David Gray.
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Additional resources for Petroleum Derived Carbons
BOX-rzi Figure 8. ; ACS Symposium Series; American Chemical Society: Washington, DC, 1976. PETROLEUM DERIVED CARBONS 30 TABLE V U Consumption of Carbon and Graphite Electrodes (Expressed in lb/1,000-lb Application Carbon Average - Nonferrous metals _ Iron castings, cold scrap Same (duplex, hot charge) _ Steel castings 4. 5-15 _ 7. 5 1. 25 For those who are statistically minded, an overall figure for coke for the aluminum industry is roughly one ton of raw coke per ton of aluminum. Aluminum production is of the order of copper, zinc and lead combined.
ACS Symposium Series; American Chemical Society: Washington, DC, 1976. 3. METRAiLER ET AL. Flexicoking Process 39 one vessel to another. In the reactor, steam i s injected into the bottom of the reactor to fluidize the solids and coke i s circulated to and from the heater to maintain the reactor at 925-1000°F. Residuum feed i s sprayed into the fluidized bed where i t i s cracked to form light hydrocarbons that pass overhead and are recovered i n conventional fractionating equipment. The coke formed i s deposited on the external surface of the "seed" coke i n the f l u i d bed.
70 lb of coke is required per pound of carbide, carbon quality is a determining factor. Most carbide plants use a mixture of petroleum coke and metallurgical coke breeze. Percentages up to 40% have been used in some instances. With carbide specifications for sulfur fixed at less than 1%, any high-sulfur petroleum coke is ruled out. Silicon carbide is prepared by heating a charge of carbon and silica in a resistance furnace. The carbon is a low-sulfur, lowash anthracite coke or petroleum coke. Sulfur is avoided because SO2 is produced during the operation of the furnace.