By Klaus Corcilius, Dominik Perler
Does the soul have elements? what sort of elements? and the way do the entire components make jointly an entire? Many historical, medieval and early sleek philosophers mentioned those questions, hence delivering a mereological research of the soul. The 11 chapters reconstruct and seriously learn greatly varied theories. They clarify that the query of ways a unmarried soul may have an inner complexity was once an important factor for plenty of classical thinkers.
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Additional info for Partitioning the Soul: Debates from Plato to Leibniz
21 Again, this would be an odd sort of thesis to foist upon Plato, and it would be one, in any case, which ultimately devolves into a kind of homuncularism. As we have already seen, homuncularism lacks any argumentative basis in Plato’s text. (4) Plato’s argument is consistent with other forms of soul division. When we appreciate that Plato’s argument for tripartition entails neither homonucularism nor any objectionable form of psychological subjectivity, nor indeed even that the elements of the soul are essentially distinct components of it, then we have come some way towards appreciating the fluidity of his characterization of the divided soul.
27 So, when he speaks of the soul’s elements as parts, what does Plato mean? To answer this question, we must first distinguish two notions of part: compositional parts and aspectual parts. For the notion of compositional parts, we begin with a notion of overlap: x x overlaps y =df there is a z such that z is a part of x and z is a part of y. Using that notion, we can introduce a notion of compositional parts as follows: x the x’s are compositional parts of y = df (i) the x’s are all parts of y, (ii) no two x’s overlap (and there are at least two x’s); (iii) every part of y overlaps at least one of the x’s; and (iv) any given x can exist without y.
Essays on Plato’s Psychology, Lanham, Maryland, 137–156. Shields, Christopher (2006) “Unified Agency and Akrasia in Plato’s Republic”, in: C. Bobonich / P. ), Akrasia in Ancient Philosophy, Leiden, 117–140. Simons, Peter (2000) Parts: A Study in Ontology, Oxford. Singpurwalla, Rachel (2010) “The Tripartite Theory of Motivation in Plato’s Republic”, Blackwell Philosophy Compass 5, 880–892. Singpurwalla, Rachel (2011) “Soul Division and Mimesis in Republic X”, in: P. -G. ), Plato and the Poets, Leiden, 283–298.