Download Origines de l'esprit bourgeois en France by Bernard Groethuysen PDF

By Bernard Groethuysen

"Il s'agit ici de creuser plus loin que les idées, de faire paraître, parler, cet être prudent, effacé, qu'était le bourgeois d'autrefois. On n'y parviendra pas sans ruse. [...] Le détour imaginé par M. Bernard Groethuysen est celui-ci : ne pouvant écouter les bourgeois, il a écouté les curés, et, à travers leurs propos, il a deviné maintes choses. [...] ce n'est pas Voltaire, ni Rousseau, dont Bernard Groethuysen est curieux, c'est du Français moyen, et pour se rapprocher de lui, il s'assied au prêche avec lui. Soupçonnait-on qu'après tant de travaux une resource considérable pour l. a. connaissance du XVIIIe siècle restait négligée ?"

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Additional info for Origines de l'esprit bourgeois en France

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However, our second point is that this new approach does not yet offer a comprehensive alternative to conventional regional policy. The reason POLICY REQUIREMENTS FOR REGIONAL BALANCE 35 is that knowledge of the nature and processes of regional development has not yet reached the stage where plans capable of really reversing regional decline, or initiating regional growth, are available to member states or the Commission. Until more effective regional development plans are designed, further increases in the volume of the Structural Funds would be of definite but limited value.

Indeed, having stated the view, Delors refers the reader to ‘The economics of 1992’ ‘for a fuller presentation of these arguments and further references’ (Delors 1989b:83). While there is some truth in the idea that in the new theories of trade, regional effects are less predictable, there is, in my view, no basis for the statement that an uneven distribution of benefits and costs is less likely. It can be shown that the view put forward in the Cecchini Report, and restated by Delors, is based on a misrepresentation of the traditional trade theory and a highly selective account of the new approach (see NESC 1989:344–8).

Indeed, this analysis led Professor Dreze of the Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS) in Brussels to the conclusion that ‘If the EC’s internal market programme is not realised during a period of faster growth then the costs will outweigh the benefits’. Second, although co-ordinated macroeconomic policy is necessary to achieve sustained growth, it does not follow, either logically or historically, that rapid growth of the European economy, however achieved, is sufficient to bring about a significant reduction in regional disparities.

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