By Lesley Jeffries
The value of oppositional that means is recognized, and has been mentioned by way of students for millennia, from Philosophy to Politics. however the major emphasis has continually been at the traditional contrary: the other known through lexical semantics.
Starting from socio-cultural viewpoints, relocating to unique examine after which concluding with a brand new theoretical formula, this booklet introduces and consolidates an important new method of the research of oppositional that means. It closes with a dialogue of the significance of developed competition in hegemonic perform and makes a case for the inclusion of competition as a imperative instrument of serious discourse research. it truly is now crucial studying for researchers and graduates in stylistics, linguistics and language studies.
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Extra resources for Opposition In Discourse: The Construction of Oppositional Meaning
The latter, particularly, steps around an expected opposite where electable would be the opposite of unelectable, and produces not a complementary, but a gradable opposition, whereby electable falls halfway between the extremes of unelectable and unstoppable. We will return to the potential for changing or manipulating the categories of opposite in the next chapter. 50 Opposition In Discourse This category is similar to that labelled Distinguished Antonymy by Jones (2002:81–85) and Explicit Opposition by Davies (2008:129): Occasionally, texts utilise oppositional pairs through triggers which explicitly draw attention to their contrastive function.
The opposition in the second example (kicked vs. stared) is more obviously new, indicating that one reaction to learning as a child how babies are made, is to kick the person who told you, indicating that you do not believe it. The other reaction, which may happen in conjunction with the disbelief, is to believe it and try to imagine your parents doing it! The apparent opposites here, kicked and stared, are really indicative, then, of disbelief and belief; a more conventional opposite. How opposites are constructed in texts 45 Davies (2008) introduces the category of Contrastive opposition to cover this use of the conjunction but, though he points out that it has some overlap with the category he has labelled ‘Concessive’ opposition (while, despite etc).
Than . . and more . . than . . imply some kind of gradable opposition. In the first example this construction indicates that women are indeed wanted for their bed, but that more than this, they are required to be almost gone. I will discuss the meaning of such examples in more detail in Chapter Three, but for now we should note that this seems to be both setting up an opposition and acknowledging the co-existence of the two opposed terms, as we saw in the coordinated examples in the last section.