By Nikolaos A. Peppas (auth.), Nikolaos A. Peppas (eds.)
One hundred years in the past, in September 1888, Professor Lewis generators Norton (1855-1893) of the Chemistry division of the Massachusetts Institute of know-how brought to the curriculum a direction on commercial chemical perform. This was once the 1st dependent path in chemical engineer ing taught in a college. Ten years later, Norton's successor Frank H. Thorpe released the 1st textbook in chemical engineering, entitled "Outlines of business Chemistry." through the years, chemical engineering built from an easy commercial chemical research of approaches right into a mature box. the amount provided the following contains many of the commissioned and contributed papers awarded on the American Chemical Society Symposium celebrating the centenary of chemical engineering. The contributions are provided in a logical manner, beginning first with the historical past of chemical engineering, via analyses of varied fields of chemical engineering and concluding with the heritage of varied U.S. and ecu Departments of Chemical Engineering. I desire to thank the authors of the contributions/chapters of this quantity for his or her enthusiastic reaction to my concept of publishing this quantity and Dr. Gianni Astarita of the collage of Naples, Italy, for his encouragement in the course of the preliminary levels of this project.
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Additional resources for One Hundred Years of Chemical Engineering: From Lewis M. Norton (M.I.T. 1888) to Present
Ernest Gibson presented another rather complicated situation. He started his doctorate with Richard Abegg (1869-1910) at the University of Breslau then in Germany (now Wroclaw in Poland). Yet Abegg died in 1910 and Gibson continued and finished his degree (1911) under the somewhat loose advisorship of Otto Lummer. PEPPAS him only to the von Helmholtz tree (Line X, Figure 1), although the Eyring chart should be also connected to that of von Hoffman. D. D. are used as abbreviations of a doctorate and a medical degree, although it is quite clear that in non-anglosaxonic countries these degrees were never indicated by these initials.
Springer was busy re-establishing itself after the Second World War and Butterworths, apparently under Government influence earlier, was developing a publication policy to strengthen British academia as there was considerable concern about American domination. Robert Maxwell bought out the other interests and, as part of the separation of activities in 1951, three journals were brought into the newly founded Pergamon Press and a pol icy of developing new periodicals was instituted. Chemical Engineer ing Science was the Press's first new venture and Volume 1, Number 1 appeared in October 1951.
1-1 through 1-3 compare with Newton's three laws of mechanics. Newton's three axioms can be stated as (Truesdell. page 88, 1968) I. Every body continues in its state of rest, or of uniform motion straight ahead, unless it be compelled to change that state by forces impressed upon it. II. The change of motion is proportional to the motive force impressed. and it takes place along the right line in which the force is impressed. III. To an action there is always a contrary and equal reaction; or, the mutual actions of two bodies upon each other are always directed to contrary parts.