Download Nigeria Since Independence: Forever Fragile? by J. Hill PDF

By J. Hill

This publication analyses the political and ethnical tensions that represent Nigeria, which derive either from colonial and modern conflicts. It issues out 3 significant components why Nigeria has now not but collapsed like many different African states: ethnic energy sharing among the political elite, the army with its nationwide outlook, and oil wealth.

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They change according to the rise and fall in the fortunes of the various belligerents, how well Boko Haram, the MEND, the NDVF and the NDPVF are doing against the army, MOPOL and the Joint Task Force. For theirs are zero-sum contests: what is beneficial to Boko Haram’s campaign is harmful to the military’s. A victory for the MEND is a defeat for the Joint Task Force. Failure to promote human flourishing Nigeria’s failure is not confined to Abuja’s inability to exercise direct and continuous control over the whole of its territory.

The limits of the Federal Government’s control over the armed forces matter because where they lie mark the extent of Abuja’s authority. As in most other states, the military is the most powerful tool the government has for enforcing its will. The Federal Government is failing to promote the flourishing of all its citizens in three main ways. First, and most crucially, it is not providing adequate security in many parts of the country. Over the past two years thousands of men, women and children have been killed and injured in attacks carried out by either Boko Haram or the MEND.

First, to give a human face to some of the consequences of failure to control, to show what impact it can have on the unfortunate people who live in a failed state. In this instance, failure to promote human flourishing is both an effect and a metric by which failure to control can be measured. The less able a state is to provide its people with public goods, the more failed it is. Secondly, the term is used to indicate a government’s intent. This, then, is a quite different explanation of failure.

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