Download NASA's Scientist-Astronauts by Shayler D. J., Burgess C. PDF

By Shayler D. J., Burgess C.

Mounting strain within the early Nineteen Sixties from the nationwide Academy of Sciences (NAS) to check methods of increasing the function of astronauts to behavior technological know-how on destiny area missions ended in NASA's end that flying scientifically educated crewmembers might generate higher returns from every one venture. NASA and experiences persisted investigating percentages that may result in the eventual production of the 1st area stations utilizing surplus Apollo undefined, throughout the Apollo purposes Programme (AAP). there has been additionally a transforming into curiosity in the army to create their very own manned house station programme, carrying out on-orbit experiments and examine with strategic merits for nationwide protection. In October 1964 the Soviets introduced Voskhod 1 whose 3-man team have been pointed out because the first 'scientific passengers' in house. a couple of days later NASA and the NAS had accomplished joint reports into the potential for utilizing scientists within the manned area programme, and invited scientists to use for astronaut education. In settling on the 1st workforce of scientist-astronauts, NASA had one company requirement; any one accredited into the programme must qualify as an army jet pilot. whereas the second one team of scientists have been finishing their educational, survival and flight education programme, the remainder contributors of the 1st scientist-astronaut staff have been desirous about helping the constructing Apollo functions programme and the Apollo lunar programme.

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34 171 358 369 385 480 481 List of Abbreviations AAAS AAP ABF ACR AEPI AES AF AFB AFROTC AKM ALAE ALSEP AN ANARE AOSO APU ASSESS ASTP ATM ATO BIG BIS CAG CalTech CAP CB American Association for the Advancement of Science Apollo Applications Program Air Bearing Floor Active Cavity Radiometer Atmospheric Emission Photometric Imaging Apollo Extension System Air Force Air Force Base Air Force Reserve Ocer Training Corps Apogee Kick Motor Atmospheric Lyman-Alpha Emission Apollo Lunar Surface Experiment Package Akademiya Nauk ± the Soviet Academy of Sciences Australian National Antarctic Research Expeditions Advanced Orbiting Solar Observatory Auxiliary Power Unit Airborne Science/Spacelab Experiment System Simulation Apollo-Soyuz Test Project Apollo Telescope Mount Abort-To-Orbit Biological Isolation Garment British Interplanetary Society Carrier Air Group California Institute of Technology Civil Air Patrol This is an internal JSC mailing code for the Astronaut Oce.

34 171 358 369 385 480 481 List of Abbreviations AAAS AAP ABF ACR AEPI AES AF AFB AFROTC AKM ALAE ALSEP AN ANARE AOSO APU ASSESS ASTP ATM ATO BIG BIS CAG CalTech CAP CB American Association for the Advancement of Science Apollo Applications Program Air Bearing Floor Active Cavity Radiometer Atmospheric Emission Photometric Imaging Apollo Extension System Air Force Air Force Base Air Force Reserve Ocer Training Corps Apogee Kick Motor Atmospheric Lyman-Alpha Emission Apollo Lunar Surface Experiment Package Akademiya Nauk ± the Soviet Academy of Sciences Australian National Antarctic Research Expeditions Advanced Orbiting Solar Observatory Auxiliary Power Unit Airborne Science/Spacelab Experiment System Simulation Apollo-Soyuz Test Project Apollo Telescope Mount Abort-To-Orbit Biological Isolation Garment British Interplanetary Society Carrier Air Group California Institute of Technology Civil Air Patrol This is an internal JSC mailing code for the Astronaut Oce.

34 171 358 369 385 480 481 List of Abbreviations AAAS AAP ABF ACR AEPI AES AF AFB AFROTC AKM ALAE ALSEP AN ANARE AOSO APU ASSESS ASTP ATM ATO BIG BIS CAG CalTech CAP CB American Association for the Advancement of Science Apollo Applications Program Air Bearing Floor Active Cavity Radiometer Atmospheric Emission Photometric Imaging Apollo Extension System Air Force Air Force Base Air Force Reserve Ocer Training Corps Apogee Kick Motor Atmospheric Lyman-Alpha Emission Apollo Lunar Surface Experiment Package Akademiya Nauk ± the Soviet Academy of Sciences Australian National Antarctic Research Expeditions Advanced Orbiting Solar Observatory Auxiliary Power Unit Airborne Science/Spacelab Experiment System Simulation Apollo-Soyuz Test Project Apollo Telescope Mount Abort-To-Orbit Biological Isolation Garment British Interplanetary Society Carrier Air Group California Institute of Technology Civil Air Patrol This is an internal JSC mailing code for the Astronaut Oce.

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