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By Keren Rice

Athapaskan languages are of significant linguistic curiosity as a result of their elaborate morphology. during this transparent and insightful booklet, Keren Rice deals a wealthy survey of morpheme ordering in Athapaskan verbs, with implications for either synchronic grammar and language swap. She argues that verb constitution is predictable throughout Athapaskan languages if yes summary points of that means are thought of. this is often the 1st significant comparative learn of its kind for Athapaskan languages, combining descriptive intensity with a modern theoretical viewpoint.

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Additional info for Morpheme Order and Semantic Scope: Word Formation in the Athapaskan Verb

Example text

The Slave template is repeated in (1); see appendix 1 for templates in a number of languages. 1 Introducing the Lexical Items The Traditional Groupings The preverbs, quantificational elements, and incorporates form a set of items that are traditionally called disjunct prefixes in the Athapaskan literature. The disjunct prefixes, which I will treat as lexical items, are distinguished from the other prefixes of the verb in two main ways. First, they form a group semantically: they generally have well-defined lexical meanings.

Various kinds of evidence are generally offered for assigning a morpheme to a particular category. Prime among these is distributional evidence: a category is a set of morphemes showing the same privileges of occurrence. 2 Preverbs 39 phonological characteristics, and function. In establishing the category of particular morphemes within the lexical items of the verb of an Athapaskan language, I assume that distributional evidence and functional similarity are primary. The lexical items generally show no inflection, syntactic patterning, or phonological characteristics that provide positive evidence for category membership, and indeed these criteria may provide no evidence as to status.

Basically, Hargus argues that word formation and phonology go hand in hand (in Kari's model, phonology follows all word formation). It is striking, when one refers to the template in (1), repeated as (9), that the phonological boundary types are ordered in the way they are. The voice/valence and stem (root plus suffixes) form the first level of word formation. Following this, the next set of prefixes is added in two steps, as evidenced by the two phonological boundary types, + and %. Finally, the outer prefixes, marked by #, are added to the verb.

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