By Masako K. Hiraga (auth.)
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Extra resources for Metaphor and Iconicity: A Cognitive Approach to Analyzing Texts
The family of ‘slap’, ‘clap’, ‘rap’, ‘tap’, ‘ﬂap’ and ‘lap’ denotes actions that strike and then glide off, or the group of ‘nip’, ‘clip’, ‘tip’, ‘sip’, ‘dip’, ‘grip’, ‘pip’, ‘quip’, ‘yip’ suggests a lighter or sharper blow or its result (cf. 1 It was Jakobson who made the most integrated achievements in the treatment of the theme of iconicity before the advent of cognitive linguistics, particularly in his critique of Saussure’s notion of the arbitrariness of the linguistic sign (1971 ). e.
This takes place at the precise time at which meaning is generated both in composition and interpretation. 2 The model of blending Although cognitive linguistics offers a clearer deﬁnition for metaphor and iconicity, it is not satisfactory that metaphor and iconicity are treated as somewhat isolated manifestations. Because metaphor and iconicity are similar cognitive operations motivated by analogical reasoning, they would be best captured in their interplay rather than in isolation as Peirce correctly suggested but failed to develop.
Peirce said, ‘the category of ﬁrst can be prescinded from second and third, and second can be prescinded from third. e. the divisions of icons into images, diagrams and metaphors. Again, the trichotomy rules the classiﬁcation, and subtypes of icons are characterised by the dominance of mimicry, analogy and parallelism. Those which partake of simple qualities, or First Firstness, are images; those which represent the relations, mainly dyadic, or so regarded, of the parts of one thing by analogous relations in their own parts, are diagrams; those which represent the representative character of a 32 Metaphor and Iconicity representamen by representing a parallelism in something else, are metaphors.