By Francois Recanati
Francois Recanati provides his concept of psychological documents, a brand new manner of knowing reference in language and inspiration. He goals to recast the "nondescriptivist" method of reference that has ruled the philosophy of language and brain within the past due 20th century. based on Recanati, we refer via psychological records, which play the function of so-called "modes of presentation." The reference of linguistic expressions is inherited from that of the documents we go together with them. The reference of a dossier is set relationally, now not satisfactionally: so a dossier isn't really to be equated to the physique of (mis)information it includes. documents are like singular phrases within the language of idea, with a nondescriptivist semantics.
In distinction to different philosophers, Recanati bargains an indexical version in line with which records are typed by way of their functionality, that's to shop details derived via specific sorts of relation to things within the atmosphere. the kind of the dossier corresponds to the kind of contextual relation it exploits. Even indifferent records or "encyclopedia entries" are in accordance with epistemically worthwhile kinfolk to their referent, on Recanati's account.
Among the subjects mentioned during this wide-ranging booklet are: acquaintance relatives and singular inspiration; cognitive value; the vehicle/content contrast; the character of indexical recommendations; co-reference de jure and judgments of id; cognitive dynamics; recognitional and perceptual suggestions; stressed proposal and the transparency requirement on modes of presentation; descriptive names and "acquaintanceless" singular suggestion; the communique of indexical suggestions; two-dimensional defences of Descriptivism; the Generality Constraint; perspective ascriptions and the "vicarious" use of psychological records; first-person pondering; token-reflexivity in language and suggestion.
Read or Download Mental Files PDF
Similar semantics books
C. S. Peirce was once the founding father of pragmatism and a pioneer within the box of semiotics. His paintings investigated the matter of which means, that's the middle element of semiosis in addition to an important factor in lots of educational fields. Floyd Merrell demonstrates all through Peirce, indicators, and that means that Peirce's perspectives stay dynamically correct to the research of next paintings within the philosophy of language.
This ebook bargains a brand new method of the research of the a number of meanings of English modals, conjunctions, conditionals, and conception verbs. even supposing such ambiguities can't simply be accounted for via feature-analyses of notice that means, Eve Sweetser's argument exhibits that they are often analyzed either quite simply and systematically.
This easy-to-use consultant illuminates key options and phrases in semantics and pragmatics and the research of which means because it is conveyed via language.
CDS is a multifarious box regularly constructing varied methodological frameworks for analysing dynamically evolving points of language in a vast diversity of socio-political and institutional contexts. This quantity is a leading edge, interdisciplinary account of those theoretical and empirical advancements.
- Truly Understood
- Unity and Plurality: Logic, Philosophy, and Linguistics
- The Limits of Language
- Use-conditional meaning : studies in multidimensional semantics
- The language of propositions and events: issues in the syntax and the semantics of nominalization
Extra resources for Mental Files
I may be perceptually related (through distinct sense modalities, say) to what I take to be two objects, which happen to be one and the same object. 1 But this supposes, on the part of the subject, reﬂective abilities the exercise of which does not seem to be required to suffer from identity confusions of the type which Frege cases illustrate. The subject need not reﬂect on her perceptual relation to objects in order to have thoughts about the objects she perceives; nor does she have to reﬂect on her perceptual relation to objects to be in a position to think of the object in different ways, corresponding to the various ways in which she perceives it.
Personal pronouns (‘I’, ‘you’), temporal and spatial adverbs (‘here’, ‘now’), etc. There is no doubt that indexicals present their referent in quite speciﬁc ways, but indexical modes of presentation are essentially perspectival and cannot be captured by means of objective, non-indexical descriptions. As Castañeda and (following him) Perry forcefully pointed out, for any indexical α and non-indexical description ‘the F ’, it is always possible for the subject to doubt, or to wonder, whether α is the F (Castañeda 1999, Perry 1993).
The reference is the entity we are acquainted with (in the appropriate way), not the entity which best ‘ﬁts’ information in the ﬁle. The characteristic feature of the relations on which mental ﬁles are based, and which determine their reference, is that they are epistemically rewarding (hence my name for them: ER relations). They enable the subject to gain information from the objects to which he stands in these relations. In all the cases mentioned above as objecting to Frege’s descriptivist approach, ER relations are involved.