Download Medicine as Culture: Illness, Disease and the Body in by Deborah Lupton PDF

By Deborah Lupton

The second one variation of drugs as tradition presents a extensive evaluate of how drugs is skilled, perceived and socially developed in western societies. Drawing at the culture of the sociology of future health and ailment, Deborah Lupton directs readers to an figuring out of drugs, future health care, sickness and disorder from a sociocultural point of view. At a time of accelerating disillusionment with medical drugs and the mythology of the beneficent, god-like doctor, there's additionally - mockingly - a turning out to be dependence on biomedicine to supply the solutions to social in addition to clinical difficulties. This ebook illuminates why attitudes to medication are characterised by means of such robust paradoxes, and why problems with affliction, affliction and the scientific stumble upon are surrounded by means of controversy, clash, energy struggles and emotion. during this moment variation, every one bankruptcy has been greatly up to date to take account of modern learn and theoretical advancements. New fabric has been additional on postmodernist thought; the male physique; and the hot genetics. in addition to reviewing and critiquing the dominant theoretical methods within the sociology of health and wellbeing and disease, medication as tradition, moment variation additionally contains the next key subject matters: · socio-cultural research of future health, disorder and drugs · elite and media representations of disorder · the physique in drugs · the language and visible imagery of drugs, affliction and illness · and feminist views Integrating cultural reports, social heritage and modern theories of the physique, medication as tradition, moment variation may be crucial examining for college kids and teachers within the sociology of overall healthiness and affliction, the sociology of intake and lifestyle, clinical anthropology, the historical past of medication, well-being communique, women's reports, nursing stories and cultural stories.

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Additional info for Medicine as Culture: Illness, Disease and the Body in Western Societies

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The ‘dry wash’, or the rubbing of one’s face and hands with a cloth, was considered the appropriate method of cleaning from the Middle Ages to the seventeenth century. Washing with water or regular bathing was uncommon. Water (especially hot water) was thought to be dangerous to the body, rendering it vulnerable and permeable to disease. Strengthening the body thus meant closing the pores by the application of skin coatings (used on newly born babies) or by wearing tightly woven clothing which did not allow the entry of unwholesome air to the body surface.

One reason for this sensitivity is that the sexual body is a constant reminder that humans are embodied, that rationality and reason may sometimes be overwhelmed by urges seemingly based in hormonal ‘animalistic’ imperatives, that ‘nature’ may predominate over ‘civilization’. The sexual body has occasioned much scope for debate in recent years around such issues as the manner in which sexual preference is developed and the appropriateness of certain expressions of sexual desire. These debates were fuelled by the second-wave feminist movement and the emergence of the gay movement in the 1970s, which called into question the biomedical orthodoxy which accepted that heterosexuality was genetically ordained.

For these feminists, the binary division between male and female is broken down to reform multiple sexed bodies, and the androgynous, or degendered, subject becomes the ideal (Caddick, 1986: 68; Gatens, 1988: 67). For example, the influential feminist and writer in the philosophy of science, Donna Haraway (1988), argues that the notion of the ‘cyborg’ performs this function, expressing an ideal of a ‘humanoid hybrid’, a combination of humanity and technology in which categories of sexuality, ethnicity, gender and indeed the distinction between humanity and technology are indeterminate and fluid.

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