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By Michel Meyer

In response to the normal view, that means provides itself less than the shape of a few type of id. to provide the that means of a sentence quantities to being in a position to generating a few replacement according to the id of the phrases of the sentence. Is then the that means of a ebook, or of any textual content, the capability of rewriting it? rather than conserving a double-standard thought of which means, one for sentences and one other for texts, that might enable for an ad hoc hole, the writer offers a unified perception, referred to as the query view of language he has built, often called problematology. He pursues a scientific research of wondering in literature and exhibits how wondering makes the certainty method attainable.

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Extra resources for Meaning and Reading: A Philosophical Essay on Language and Literature

Example text

Decontextualized' expressions, can be considered as abstractions, and not as models for the study of our real employment of language. We do not speak or write in abstracto. Not even in science are expressions employed totally context-free. Understanding is not limited to the capacity of recognizing that expressions are true. Context in science plays a minimal role. Science is by itself a definite context of utterance: the context in which all references to context are to be eradicated as much as possible.

These terms stand for the interrogatives and the fact that the latter are deleted or simply absent indicates that no further question arises in the mind of the speaker as to what these terms denote. However, we have still ignored the process by which the problematological reference theory accounts for the combination of terms into judgments or propositions. The classical reference theory of Frege and Russell provided an answer, or rather two contradictory ones. Frege's theory was based on the as­ sumption that names and predicates were necessary to one another for semanti­ cal reasons: names do not mean anything in isolation, no more than predicates do, but only acquire meaning through being joined.

E. where we cannot speak at all. The implication is that language must reveal its underlying structure through its surface structure. Perhaps this explains why Wittgenstein found his own reconstructionist enterprise in the Tractatus so contradictory in its aim to show that language need not be logically reconstructed. To say what is to be shown, to say what cannot or ought not to be said, because it requires us to go 36 MEANING AND READING outside of language to see the whole of it (and outside language, there is only that which cannot be said: silence would be the truth of language, the key to a proper discussion of it) was eventually deemed contradictory by Wittgenstein himself, who rejected his endeavors to encapsulate language within the logical theory of the proposition.

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