By Fruma Zachs
Exploring the origins and improvement of the Syrian identification, throughout the 18th and nineteenth centuries, during the function of Christian Arab intellectuals and retailers, Ottomans and American missionaries, this quantity examines its history, levels of evolution, and elements. It indicates that the contribution of those Christian Arabs, regardless of their particularly small quantity, lies within the tactics they set in movement, being the 1st to advertise territorial ideas in addition to a mundane interpretation of Arab tradition.
This Syrian id constitutes an cutting edge case learn within the broader self-discipline of proto-national identification and the learn of the improvement of neighborhood identities in center japanese international locations. it's also a necessary foundation for study of twentieth century Syrian nationalism.
Readership : All these drawn to Syrian background as of the 18th century and on, but in addition: neighborhood id and nationalism, highbrow heritage within the ME (mainly Christians), Ottoman Empire throughout the a.m. interval, the development of Arab literature, actions of Christian Missionaries within the ME and so on.
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Extra info for Making of a Syrian Identity: Intellectuals and Merchants in Nineteenth Century Beirut
The economic, social and political developments created a new balance of power in the Emirate. It was natural that Amìr Bashìr, who weakened the power of the muqà†a'jìs, would become dependent on this growing Christian middle stratum, which was partly his own creation. Bashìr nurtured them as a loyal group that would personally owe him their commercial, social and political prestige, a group that he could rely on. He wanted to eliminate the muqà†a'jìs as a political, social and economic power and turn the Emirate into a centralised system run by a bureaucracy which he appointed and which was accountable to him.
Under Sulaymàn Pàshà, Bashìr’s power ﬂourished, especially from 1810 when he and Sulaymàn conquered Damascus together. With that conquest, Sulaymàn Pàshà was appointed as the vali of the two provinces, Sidon and Damascus, and became the ruler of the whole region, from just south of Aleppo in the north to the northern border of the province of Sinai in the south. 4 Later, in the early 1820s, 'Abdallàh Pàshà attempted to get rid of Amìr Bashìr, but 'Abdallàh soon recognised that Bashìr was indispensable, and restored him to his post.
234–235; al-Ma'lùf, Dawànì al-Qu†ùf, pp. 256, 313, 323–327, 389–390, 514, 580–581; Naﬀ, A Social History of Zahle, Vol. 1, p. 132. 22 Al-Ma'lùf, Dawànì al-Qu†ùf, p. 387. , pp. 389–391. 22 chapter one in fact, a considerable portion of Bashìr’s army consisted of soldiers from Zahle. 25 In summary, we can say that local economic development in Zahle, which went back as far as the mid-eighteenth century, caught the attention of Amìr Bashìr II. He contributed to its further development and transformation into a market town which played a crucial role in the growing economy of the entire region of Syria.