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By Matthew Lange

Regularly, social scientists have assumed that prior imperialism hinders the longer term improvement customers of colonized countries. tough this common trust, Matthew Lange argues in Lineages of Despotism and improvement that nations as soon as lower than direct British imperial regulate have constructed extra effectively than those who have been governed indirectly.            Combining statistical research with in-depth case reviews of former British colonies, this quantity argues that direct rule promoted cogent and coherent states with excessive degrees of bureaucratization and inclusiveness, which contributed to enforcing improvement coverage in the course of overdue colonialism and independence. nonetheless, Lange reveals that oblique British rule created patrimonial, susceptible states that preyed all alone populations. Firmly grounded within the culture of comparative-historical research whereas supplying clean perception into the colonial roots of asymmetric improvement, Lineages of Despotism and improvement will curiosity economists, sociologists, and political scientists alike.   (20080624)

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With the Native American population declining and pushed westward, peoples of European origins soon dominated all aspects of life in Canada and the United States. Seeking economic opportunity, freedom of religion, or both, they established farming and trading communities characterized by economic The Developmental Legacies of British Colonialism 23 differentiation, production for local consumption, and greater equality than back in Europe. 2 In plantation colonies, on the other hand, life was far removed from that in Great Britain.

Colonial Singapore provides an example of a directly ruled colony. By the late nineteenth century, it had developed an extremely centralized, large, and bureaucratic state that was highly integrated and controlled by a colonial governor. Although the colonial state was not evenly spread throughout the territory, it had a strong presence in all regions and was able to shape social relations in a variety of ways. The maintenance of law and order provides one example, as the state had a large and relatively effective law enforcement system.

In Fiji, the British recognized precolonial chiefdoms and collaborated with indigenous chiefs in order to control the entire colony. Yet the British also established large plantations and imported tens of thousands of Indian laborers to work on them. Because the plantations and their workers did not fit into the system of indirect rule, the British ruled them directly, thereby creating a hybrid form of colonialism that separated ethnic Indians from Fijians. A similar combination occurred in the Solomon Islands, yet the colony differed from Fiji in that the plantations were fewer and smaller, foreign laborers were not imported, and the British ruled through headmen and native councils because of the absence of powerful precolonial chiefs.

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