By Henning Melber
The essays during this quantity concentration totally on the constructing political contradiction in southern Africa, represented by means of the truth that pursuits like SWAPO and ZANU, which spearheaded mass well known struggles for liberation from colonial rule, have in energy built into authoritarian, undemocratic, and more and more corrupt ruling regimes. as well as the essays on Namibia, Zimbabwe, Lesotho, and Botswana, different works integrated think of the prospective highway forward for South Africa by way of democratic consolidation in the emerging stress among civil society organisations and the ANC executive, with its transparent tendency towards the expanding centralization of its strength and authority. Edited by means of former SWAPO member Henning Melber, its individuals contain Kenneth strong, Suzanne Dansereau, and Amin Kamete (Zimbabwe); Ian Taylor and Francis B. Nyamnjoh (Botswana); Roger Southhall (Lesotho); Henning Melber (Namibia); Martin Legassick, Raymond Suther, and Krista Johnson (South Africa).
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Extra info for Limits to Liberation in Southern Africa: The Unfinished Business of Democratic Consolidation
2002. Business Day (Johannesburg), June 19. Hitchens, C. 1999. No One Left to Lie To. London and New York: Verso. Hogarth. 2002. Sunday Times (Johannesburg), June 2. Johnson, R. 2002. Business Day (Johannesburg), April 4. Lazare, D. 1998. “America and the Undemocratic”, New Left Review, 232:31–37. Lee, R. 2002. “Tough Choice”. BBC Focus on Africa. April–June 13, 2. London. Macpherson, C. 1966. The Real World of Democracy. London: Oxford University Press. Mapenzauswa, S. 2002. Business Day (Johannesburg), May 2.
The power of the majority was enhanced inside the state as simultaneously the influence of elites was checked and diminished. It was a dynamic and revolutionary democracy over almost two centuries. It was the antithesis of the insider–outsider dichotomy that characterises American liberalism. As a property-owning middle class is vital for liberalism and liberal democracy, as many thinkers have emphasised, so too, an organised working class imbued with the principle of equality is vital for active participatory democracy.
This warmly supportive position is upheld not only against manifest reality but also despite repeated warnings concerning the import of it all. For Tony Blair, Zimbabwe is a “major issue” for Africa; if African leaders were ambivalent towards good governance, “it will undermine the confidence of the West” (The Star March 6, 2002). The ANC went determinedly in the opposite direction: “The will of the people of 19 Zimbabwe had prevailed”, it declared on its website, and it lambasted Britain and the United States for what it termed their “attempts to destabilise 20 Zimbabwe” (The Star March 19, 2002; Business Day March 20, 2002).