Download Lexical Semantics by D. A. Cruse PDF

By D. A. Cruse

Lexical Semantics is set the which means of phrases. even if evidently a critical obstacle of linguistics, the semantic behaviour of phrases has been unduly missed within the present literature, which has tended to stress sentential semantics and its relation to formal structures of common sense. during this textbook D. A. Cruse establishes in a principled and disciplined manner the descriptive and generalizable proof approximately lexical relatives that any formal thought of semantics must surround. one of the issues coated extensive are idiomaticity, lexical ambiguity, synonymy, hierarchical family equivalent to hyponymy and meronymy, and numerous varieties of oppositeness. Syntagmatic kin also are taken care of in a few aspect. The discussions are richly illustrated through examples drawn virtually fullyyt from English. even supposing a familiarity with conventional grammar is thought, readers without technical linguistic heritage will locate the exposition regularly available. All readers with an curiosity in semantics will locate during this unique textual content not just crucial history yet a stimulating new point of view at the box.

Show description

Read or Download Lexical Semantics PDF

Best semantics books

Peirce, Signs, and Meaning (Toronto Studies in Semiotics)

C. S. Peirce was once the founding father of pragmatism and a pioneer within the box of semiotics. His paintings investigated the matter of which means, that is the middle element of semiosis in addition to an important factor in lots of educational fields. Floyd Merrell demonstrates all through Peirce, symptoms, and that means that Peirce's perspectives stay dynamically suitable to the research of next paintings within the philosophy of language.

From etymology to pragmatics: metaphorical and cultural aspects of semantic structure

This publication bargains a brand new method of the research of the a number of meanings of English modals, conjunctions, conditionals, and conception verbs. even supposing such ambiguities can't simply be accounted for through feature-analyses of notice that means, Eve Sweetser's argument exhibits that they are often analyzed either quite simply and systematically.

A Glossary of Semantics and Pragmatics (Glossary Of...)

This easy-to-use consultant illuminates key strategies and phrases in semantics and pragmatics and the research of that means because it is conveyed via language.

Contemporary Critical Discourse Studies

CDS is a multifarious box regularly constructing assorted methodological frameworks for analysing dynamically evolving facets of language in a vast variety of socio-political and institutional contexts. This quantity is a leading edge, interdisciplinary account of those theoretical and empirical advancements.

Extra resources for Lexical Semantics

Example text

Are two principal strategies for proving that a collocationally item is a semantic constituent T h e first consists in demonstrating e element in question participates in the same semantic contrast third element as a proven semantic constituent For the purpose test a contrast with zero IS valid. Take the -en of oxen : this contrasts its own absence just like the -s of cows,and with a precisely parallel trudged past) = -s ( T h e cow- grazed here) @ s of cows can be shown to be a semantic constituent by the normal I 3.

Arthur has a chip, apparently, on his shoulder. After a shaky start, we took them to the cleaners. We took them, after a shaky gtart, to the cleaners.. T h e same is true of re-ordering. Many grammatical processes invol re-ordering of constituents are ruled out for semantic reasons, particu those whose semantic function is to highlight a specific semantic co tuent : thus, lVhut,Johnpulled was hts szster,~leg has nlo idiomatic readi whereas What %ha dzd was pull Izz,s szster's leg, which leaves the idi 'physically' intact, has.

Pourquoi avoir. u n chien et aboyer soi-rnCme? You're barking up the wrong tree. Ce n'est pas 2 cet arbre 11 que vous devez aboyer. I1 a change son cheval borgne pour un aveugle. He has changed his one-eyed horse for a blind one. I1 Ctait pr&th aller decrocher la lune pour elle. H e was ready to go and unhook the moon for her. estingly, a high proportion of dead metaphors have similar (although ften identical) dead metaphor equivalents: to put the cat among the pigeons. mettre le loup dans la bergerie.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.81 of 5 – based on 20 votes