By David Gilmour
Read or Download Lebanon: The Fractured Country PDF
Best middle east books
This exam of the center East's background strains the origins, improvement and politics of Israel's dating with the Arab global and the West. It argues that peace with the Palestinians will go away Israel susceptible to Iraq and Iran.
Publication by means of
This highly winning, ground-breaking publication is the 1st introductory textbook at the sleek center East to foreground the city, rural, cultural and women’s histories of the zone over its political and fiscal heritage. Ilan Papp? starts off his narrative on the finish of the 1st global warfare with the Ottoman background, and concludes at present day with the political discourse of Islam.
"The tough advisor to Jordan" is the basic consultant to the center East's most fascinating vacation spot. This name positive factors particular bills of the simplest points of interest Jordan has to provide, in addition to the clearest Jordan maps and plans, raise the lid in this fascinatingly diversified nation. With professional recommendation and history, discover the area ask yourself that's Petra, an old urban carved from rose-red mountain cliffs, roam the sands of Wadi Rum within the footsteps of Lawrence of Arabia, after which sit back on golden shorelines at Aqaba, Jordan's appealing crimson Sea hotel hideaway.
- The Odyssey of Ibn Battuta: Uncommon Tales of a Medieval Adventurer
- From Mesopotamia to Iraq: A Concise History
- First Crusade and The Idea of Crusading
- Hero: The Life and Legend of Lawrence of Arabia
- Baghdad: City of Peace, City of Blood--A History in Thirteen Centuries
Additional info for Lebanon: The Fractured Country
Traditionally, they are peasants from Mount Lebanon, the south and the Bekaa valley, although by the 1970s they also formed a large section of the 'belt of misery' around Beirut. They are the poorest of the Lebanese sects and, because of their high birth rate, have recently become the largest. A third Islamic sect, though to Orthodox Muslims they are heretics, are the Druzes. They practise a secret faith and only their men can be initiated into it. Among other things they believe in predestination, reincarnation and the divinity of the Fatimid Caliph al-Hakim (996-1021 AD).
In any case, it was only the small, left-wing parties who might be prepared to follow a leader of another sect. The traditional groups, without exception, followed leaders from their own communities: Saeb Salam, Rashid Karami, or members of the Solh family for the Sunnis; Pierre Gemayel, Raymond Edde and Camille Chamoun for the Maronites; Kamal Asaad, Sabri Hamadeh and, more recently, the Imam Musa Sadr for the Shi'ites. But if a za'im's support was limited to members of his own community, it was also limited to a particular locality.
During the fighting between the Maronite and Druze l 26 The Eve of the Civil War communltles in the middle of the nineteenth century, some Shi'ites fought for the Maronites while the Greek Orthodox assisted the Druzes. Religious persecution has been rare in Lebanon. When it has taken place it has usually been amongst co-religionists: Sunnis against Shi'ites or Maronites against the Greek Orthodox. From 1516 to 1860, Mount Lebanon was a largely autonomous province of the Ottoman Empire, although the coastal plain was more firmly under the controloftheTurkishauthorities.