By Uriel Dann
Whilst the younger Hussein turned the King of Jordan in 1953, traditional knowledge held that his days have been numbered. because the embodiment of the socially conservative, pro-Western Jordanian country, he appeared little capable of withstand the emerging forces of pan-Arab radicalism. but Hussein and the Jordanian monarchy haven't purely continued, they've got thrived, and proceed to play a necessary function in center jap politics. Historian Uriel Dann right here explores the political historical past of the adolescence of the Jordanian kingdom, uncovering the assets of its toughness opposed to forces looking to essentially modify the conventional bases of Arab politics.
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Additional info for King Hussein and the Challenge of Arab Radicalism: Jordan, 1955-1967 (Studies in Middle Eastern History)
And into this exhilaration broke the news that Hussein of Jordan might lead his kingdom—piffling, patched together, and downright illegitimate in the eyes of many—into another military alliance with the West. ) Britain's adherence was already a foregone conclusion. " The reasons were the need for more Arab members to bolster Iraq; the patron-client tie between Britain and Jordan that made Jordan seem an easy target (in addition to the dynastic tie between Jordan and Iraq and the traditional friendship between Jordan and Turkey); the high reputation of the Arab Legion12 and the supposed imperViousness of its beduin soldiers to seditious propaganda; and the inducements that Britain might offer to Jordan—the revision, perhaps the abrogation, of the 1948 Anglo-Jordanian treaty, military hardware, an increased subsidy, and aircraft for Jordan's embryonic air force (Hussein's pet project).
Most of its leaders belonged to respected families in the East Bank and in Nablus who were prosperous landowners and merchants. By the 1950s, their opposition was traditional: dating back to the disappointed hopes for national freedom and personal careers at the end of World War I, to Arab nationalism suppressed by the French on the other side of a frontier that to the Arabs was worse than meaningless, and to Abdallah's petty persecution and the contempt of a peculiarly unsympathetic British resident, Lieutenant Colonel Henry F.
There was looting at the Zerqa base and a strike at Mafraq that caused discomfort to the garrison. On 13 November, the Iraq Petroleum Company (IPC) pipeline leading to Haifa was blown up near Irbid, in obvious imitation of the much more serious sabotage of the pipeline crossing Syria. (No oil had flowed through the southern Jordanian branch of the pipeline since 1948. 4 Because at that time the British and French military 42 First Trials action against the Suez Canal was still building up, this assurance demonstrated a lack of determination that could hardly fail to be noticed elsewhere .