By Dr. David E. Graves
Graves presents an informative and obtainable learn that explores the Bible, now not as a survey of historical past, yet via analyzing twelve interconnecting topics, together with the background of the English Bible, biblical revelation, notion, transmission of the textual content, production, sin and the human situation, protoevangelium, sovereignty of God, covenant, biblical legislation, Israelite worship, and the prophets. He offers an outline of what the outdated testomony is all approximately and the way it pertains to the recent testomony. learn the way the covenant is hooked up to the legislation and the legislation is expounded to the previous testomony sacrificial method. What has Genesis 3:15 to do with the remainder of the Bible? Graves solutions the type of questions that the common reader of the Bible desires spoke back and never easily the solutions that students imagine readers should still pay attention. a number of precise maps, charts, tables, and images are integrated illustrating the previous testomony context. precious breakout panes, facing “Quotes from Antiquity,” “Moments in History,” and “Facts from Archaeology,” offer an attractive and informative realizing of the cultural and old heritage of the Bible. A word list defines technical phrases, and large footnotes and the masses of books indexed within the “For extra examine” breakout panes and bibliography, index of topics and authors, offer a useful source to readers for destiny learn. a fascinating source meant for laypeople who need to know extra concerning the previous testomony, even if in seminary classes, collage study rooms, church teams or own research.
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Extra info for Key Themes of the Old Testament: A Survey of Major Theological Themes
There are no vowels in the early forms of Hebrew, with vowels only being added later by the Masorite scribes (AD 500–1000). Until that time the only way to determine the exact pronunciation and meaning of the words was by their context. The Masorite name is derived from the masora, the complex series of markings used to indicate the vowels and accents. The Masorite also added a series of notes to ensure accuracy of the text. For Jews, Hebrew was “the language of sanctity, the holy tongue” (m. Sotah 7:2).
Difficulty came when he failed to recognise that the Demotic and hieroglyphic were paraphrases and not literal translations.  Jean Francois Champollion continued the work with the discovery that the hieroglyphic text was the translation of the Greek, not the reverse as had been thought. On September 17, 1822 Champollion read his Lettre a M. Dacier and exhibited his “Hieroglyphic Alphabet”, with its Greek and Demotic equivalents, before the Academy of Inscriptions. He further developed his system in a series of memoirs called Precis du systeme hieroglyphique des anciens Egyptiens which he read in the Institute in 1823.
This type of evidence is exemplified in the comparison of the price of a slave or the covenant structure in the biblical text with their counterparts in ancient tablets. For example the age of the tablets and the cost of a slave are known from the archaeological period (strata). Joseph was sold into slavery for 20 shekels (Gen 37:28).  Inflation was in operation as it is today and so the cost of a slave gradually increased. In the Third Dynasty of Ur the cost was 10 shekels while after the eighteenth cent.