By Manochehr Dorraj, Mehran Kamrava
Iran dominates the media headlines once more and has taken middle degree within the U.S. and ecu Union technique towards the center East. A extra nuanced figuring out of Iranian society has assumed even larger importance and urgency. Iran at the present time: An Encyclopedia of existence within the Islamic Republic bargains an important perception for college students and the overall reader into a frequently misunderstood and complicated kingdom that's shrouded in secret and misperception. inheritor to an extended background and an exceptional tradition and civilization, Iran embodies a wealthy, complicated, and various mosaic that defines its nationwide identification. range is additionally the operative observe that describes Iranian landscapes and geography, its a number of ethnic teams and their diverse cultures and traditions, in addition to the asymmetric and significantly diversified degrees of monetary and commercial improvement, conflicting political traits, and assorted and infrequently contradictory social and cultural outlooks. due to its tumultuous contemporary political heritage, Iran appears to be like to encapsulate all of those inner ameliorations and stark contrasts a little extra surprisingly than so much of its friends. The 1978-1979 revolution reworked the society and tradition in basic methods and redefined social lifestyles. It created new associations of governance and Islamicized the tradition, schooling and the criminal method in an try to create a brand new society that may bring in the reign of piety and advantage. but, Islamization needed to come to phrases with pre-Islamic and illustrious Persian historical past and tradition, in addition to the realities of an interdependent, postmodern, globalized international during which, as a constructing nation, Iran is living within the outer edge. inside of this framework, the dynamics and complexity of social existence within the Islamic Republic spread. This encyclopedia is the resource for up to date, authoritative info on a whole diversity of severe issues of interest.Coverage of the Islamic Republic the following falls into the overall different types of heritage, politics, economics, society and tradition. the main major points of the existence in Iran because the revolution-the period of the Islamic Republic so far-are under pressure. the wide variety of entries exhibits the richness and complexity of Iranian society, its a number of and sundry points, its expressions and outward manifestations, and its nuanced responses to political repression, instability, warfare, pervasive predicament and the power stress among modernity and culture. a few of the entries designed to focus on those very important phenomena revolve round the country's ethnic mosaic, the social function and place of girls, veiling, the academic process, activities, intellectuals, the humanities and inventive expression, literature, poetry, food, healthcare, and the kinfolk. different entries diversity from regionalism and concrete improvement to the petroleum undefined, agriculture, the banking approach, problems with wealth and poverty, type constitution and monetary mobility, and the non-public region. In a few major parts financial, social and cultural phenomena intersect. those intersections are mirrored in entries on broadcasting and communications expertise, the net, public family, digital and print media, and family members making plans and healthcare. A chronology, chosen bibliography, and pictures supplement the entries.
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Additional info for Iran Today: An Encyclopedia of Life in the Islamic Republic, 2 volume set
2. Samii, B. 2006. Iran: weak economy challenges populist president. org. MASOUD KAZEMZADEH F ARABS OF IRAN AND KHUZESTAN The Arab population of the Iranian province of Khuzestan is estimated to be 3% of the more than 70 million people who inhabit Iran. This can be rounded up to almost 2,100,000. “The Arabs of Iran” refers here to the bilingual Arabic/Persian speaking people who belong to a relative majority group of Khuzestan Province of Iran. Khuzestan, one of the thirty provinces of present-day Iran, is considered to be one of the oldest settled regions of ancient Persia.
Iran’s major import partners in 2004 were, respectively, the United Arab Emirates, Brazil, and Switzerland. Iran’s major export partners in 2004 were the United Arab Emirates, Germany, and Iraq. There has also been a growth in aquaculture, which started with a sturgeon breeding program in 1922. Annual ﬁngerling production was 263 million in 1991, mostly for release as part of the government’s stock rehabilitation programs. FORESTRY Iran’s forests cover more that 7% of the area of the country. They are mostly located in the Caspian coastal area, west and southwest of the country.
Distrusting the powerful military and security apparatus that the Pahlavi regime has created, the Islamic Republic of Iran (IRI) both dismantled some agencies and established other new ones. The revolutionaries disbanded the Imperial Guard, the most loyal force to the Shah, and dismantled the following four intelligence services: the Organization for Intelligence and National Security (SAVAK, created in 1957), a domestic security force that performed surveillance of Iranians abroad; the 2nd Ofﬁce of the Army; the Intelligence Service of Gendarmerie; and the Ofﬁce of the Police Intelligence.