Download Human System Responses to Disaster: An Inventory of by Thomas E. Drabek PDF

By Thomas E. Drabek

This sequence is devoted to serving the starting to be neighborhood of students and practitioners curious about the rules and functions of environ­ psychological administration. every one quantity is a radical remedy of a selected subject of value for correct administration practices. A primary ob­ jective of those books is to assist the reader determine and enforce man's stewardship of our surroundings and the world's renewable assets. For we needs to try to appreciate the connection among guy and nature, act to convey concord to it, and nurture an atmosphere that's either strong and effective. those ambitions have usually eluded us as the pursuit of different in­ dividual and societal ambitions has diverted us from a process dwelling in stability with the surroundings. from time to time, consequently, the environmental supervisor could have to exert restrictive regulate, that is frequently most sensible utilized to guy, no longer nature. makes an attempt to change or harness nature have frequently failed or backfired, as exemplified by way of the result of imprudent use of herbicides, fertilizers, water, and different brokers. every one publication during this sequence will make clear the elemental and utilized elements of environmental administration. it's was hoping that every may also help clear up a realistic and severe environmental challenge. Robert S. DeSanto East Lyme, Connecticut Acknowledgments Compilation of the fabrics reviewed during this stock was once facilitated enormously via a number of employees individuals of the catastrophe study heart, college of Delaware (formerly on the Ohio country college) and the traditional Haz­ ards study and purposes details middle, college of Colorado.

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Comparisons of the two responses across such qualities as stress perceptions and both the frequency and structure of communications indicated key similarities. , 1983:600). S. Coast Guard, a regional emergency medical organization, and the New York State Office of Disaster Preparedness)-the role and utility of such simulations can be enhanced greatly for both practitioners and researchers (see also Wallace and De Balogh, 1985). The Congressional Research Service (1984) report on Information Technology for Emergency Management documented a wide variety of new managerial aids that are IlIA.

1b "The highest scores are found for those respondents for whom personal experience or public education programs are the most salient source of information" (Wenger, James, and Faupel, 1980:90). 1c "Within the disaster communities, males score from four to six percent higher than females" (Wenger, James, and Faupel, 1980:90). 1d "The mass media are the most salient source of information about disasters for all samples of respondents, including those in communities that have experienced disaster ....

1 7 Individual system impacts covary with event qualities. From a planning standpoint, this fundamental axiom-{)ne we will return to repeatedly-is a logical point of departure. Researchers have long recognized that disasters are not uniform-they vary in many ways. To date, however, we lack a calculus whereby types of event variations, along with implicit social characteristics, can be factored into the human response equation (see Drabek, 1970 and Dynes, 1970a). As· will be noted throughout this inventory, the literature of the 1970s contained many instances wherein topics like panic behavior and long-term mental health impacts were recast into frameworks wherein disasters were no longer viewed as uniform.

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