By Carol Genetti
A brand new and interesting advent to linguistics, this textbook provides language in all its notable complexity, whereas guiding scholars lightly during the fundamentals. scholars emerge with an appreciation of the variety of the world's languages, in addition to a deeper realizing of the constitution of human language, the methods it really is used, and its broader social and cultural context. Chapters introducing the nuts and bolts of language learn (phonology, syntax, that means) are mixed with these at the 'functions' of language (discourse, prosody, pragmatics, and language contact), supporting scholars achieve a greater clutch of the way language works within the genuine global. A wealthy set of language 'profiles' aid scholars discover the world's linguistic range, determine similarities and adjustments among languages, and encourages them to use techniques from previous bankruptcy fabric. quite a number conscientiously designed pedagogical positive aspects motivate pupil engagement, adopting a step by step method and utilizing examine questions and case experiences.
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Extra info for How Languages Work: An Introduction to Language and Linguistics
The study of the forms, meanings, and uses of these markers falls under the ﬁeld of morphology. 4 You are studying in the library. Two people come in talking loudly. They sit at the table next to you and continue to talk loudly about the party they went to. They ignore your glares and those of other people in the room. Finally you say, “Hey, could you speak up? ” How is it that the people can interpret this as a request to be quiet? The answer lies in the ﬁeld of pragmatics. 5 Historical linguistics can tell us much about human pre-history.
On the Internet, go to the British Library website Learning: Sounds Familiar? html). On the map on the homepage of this site, hover your cursor over the icons of people. You will see a label with a location. Listen to the varieties spoken in London, Birkenhead, and Kilmarnock. On a scale of 1 to 5, rank them on ease of intelligibility (with 1 being very easy and 5 being very difficult). Do you consider any one of them to be unintelligible based on your own dialect of English? If so, which one? Would you consider this variety to be a separate language?
A linguist is a person who examines the structures of languages and the principles underlying those structures. A polyglot is a person who speaks many languages. Many linguists are, indeed, polyglots, but you don’t have to be a polyglot to study linguistics. A nice analogy can be made to pilots and airplane mechanics. A pilot knows how to ﬂy an airplane, based both on training and on an instinctive sense of ﬂight and how a plane responds to a particular manipulation of the controls. An airplane mechanic looks inside a plane and knows how each part contributes to the workings of the whole.