By M. R. Bennett
History of Cognitive Neuroscience records the most important neuroscientific experiments and theories during the last century and a part within the area of cognitive neuroscience, and evaluates the cogency of the conclusions which have been drawn from them.
- Provides a spouse paintings to the hugely acclaimed Philosophical Foundations of Neuroscience - combining clinical aspect with philosophical insights
- Views the evolution of mind technology in the course of the lens of its relevant figures and experiments
- Addresses philosophical feedback of Bennett and Hacker's earlier book
- Accompanied via greater than a hundred illustrations
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Extra info for History of Cognitive Neuroscience
2 Wernicke’s theory of how aphasia arises Fig. 3 Treisman’s theory of the operation of the mental dictionary and its units Fig. 4 Morton’s models for word recognition and speech recognition Fig. 5 Morton’s more recent logogen models for language Fig. 6 Recent theories of speech Fig. 7 Levelt’s theory for speech Fig. 8 PET images of subjects when presented with four different sets of word-like stimuli Fig. 9 PET images of subjects when presented with words and when speaking words Fig. 10 PET images of patients with various kinds of damage Fig.
An example of the ‘law of good continuation’, which states that we perceive the organization that interrupts the fewest lines, is shown in fig. 8c, in which the small dots are seen to form a wavy line superimposed on a profile of battlements rather than as the succession of shapes shown at the bottom of the figure. ’, thus offering a common scheme for merging psychological and neurobiological investigations into the process of vision. Fig. a: Edgar Rubin’s vase or two faces. b: Jastrow’s duck–rabbit.
In the background of this history of the relationships between philosophy and physiology two intellectual giants stand out: Aristotle and Descartes. In physiology Aristotle’s influence was malign and Descartes’ was benign; in philosophy the situation is reversed. Many of the functions of the brain were erroneously attributed by Aristotle to the heart; fortunately it was not long before the brain was given its rightful place by Galen. Descartes, however, made substantial contributions to neurophysiology and, if we are to believe Bennett, his insistence that biological explanation must be in terms of efficient causation was the foundation of all the advances in neurophysiology since the seventeenth century.