By Jean Bousquet, Nikolai Khaltaev, Alvaro A. Cruz, World Health Organization
power respiration ailments, comparable to bronchial asthma and protracted obstructive pulmonary affliction, kill greater than four million humans each year, and have an effect on enormous quantities of hundreds of thousands extra. those illnesses erode the well-being and health of the sufferers and feature a unfavorable impression on households and societies. This record increases knowledge of the large impression of continual respiration ailments all over the world, and highlights the chance elements in addition to how one can hinder and deal with those ailments.
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Additional resources for Global Surveillance, Prevention And Control Of Chronic Respiratory Diseases: A Comprehensive Approach
It also exacerbates asthma. In adults, environmental tobacco smoke is associated with an increased risk of chronic respiratory diseases, lung cancer and cancers of other sites (286), as well as cardiovascular disease (287). Intrauterine and environmental exposure to parental tobacco smoking is related to more respiratory symptoms and poorer lung function in adulthood. There is no safe level of exposure to second-hand tobacco smoke (284, 288–289). Therefore, the elimination of smoking from indoor environments is the only science-based measure that adequately protects a population’s 44 health from the dangerous effects of second-hand tobacco smoke.
COPD is a major public health problem in subjects over 40 years of age and will remain a challenge for the future. It is a major cause of chronic morbidity and mortality worldwide (107) and is projected to rank seventh in 2030 as a worldwide burden of disease (104). The rise in morbidity and mortality from COPD will be most dramatic in Asian and African countries over the next two decades, mostly as a result of a progressive increase in the prevalence of smoking (115). Even if risk factors were avoided today, the toll of COPD would continue for several decades because of the slow development of the disease.
Allergens KEY MESSAGES Indoor and outdoor allergens are common in all countries. Exposure to allergens is one of the major triggers in sensitized individuals with asthma. Allergic diseases result from a complex interaction between genes, allergens (316) and co-factors which vary between regions (317). Allergens are antigens reacting with speciﬁc IgE antibodies. Allergens originate from a wide range of mites, animals, insects, plants, fungi or are small molecular weight chemicals. They are usually classiﬁed as indoor allergens (mites, some moulds, animal danders, insects) or outdoor allergens (pollens and some moulds).