By Harald A. Mieg, Astrid O. Sundsboe, Majken Bieniok
Georg Simmel hat mit seinem Aufsatz "Die Großstädte und das Geistesleben" (1903) den Anstoß für die sozialwissenschaftliche Stadtforschung gegeben. Für Simmel verkörpern Großstädte den Sitz der Moderne - Orte, an denen sich durch Arbeitsteilung und Spezialisierung eine besondere Produktivkraft herausbildet. Orte, an denen das Individuum einen bis dahin unbekannten Grad an persönlicher Freiheit erlangt. Mit diesem Buch, einem Herausgeberwerk des Georg-Simmel-Zentrums für Metropolenforschung, gehen die Autorinnen und Autoren der Frage nach, welche Relevanz Simmel für die heutige Stadtforschung besitzt. Insbesondere wird das interdisziplinäre Potenzial des Simmelschen Ansatzes aufgezeigt.
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About the Author
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Extra resources for Georg Simmel und die aktuelle Stadtforschung
Berdies tragen Metropolen mittels Zivilisationsproduktion und Vernetzungen selber zur Transnationalität bei. “ (1969/81: 4) Die Metropolen sind die Horte von Werten und formalen Regeln, die in allen Städten gelten könnten. Dass Metropolen als Katalysatoren von transnationalem Kosmopolitismus und entlokalisierter Arbeit sich in naher Zukunft selber überflüssig machen, ist eher unwahrscheinlich. Simmel – Milgram – Sassen 51 Literatur Elias, Norbert  (1981): Über den Prozeß der Zivilisation.
Ganz und gar nicht, im Gegenteil: Für Simmel ist die Großstadt das Labor, die Werkstatt und der Schauplatz der Moderne zugleich. Als Sitz der entfalteten Geldwirtschaft bildet die Großstadt den Ort, an dem die soziologischen Tendenzen „wirklich“ werden, sich vergegenständlichen und ihren Ausdruck finden. Von daher ist es nicht zufällig, dass Karl Joel, ein Freund von Georg Simmel, in seiner Rezension der Philosophie des Geldes das Verhältnis dieses Werks zum Stadtessay geradezu auf den Kopf stellt, wenn er schreibt, dass diese Philosophie „die Seele des modernen Berlin projiziert auf einen universalen Horizont“ (zit.
602-614. Metropolenforschung Simmel – Milgram – Sassen: Metropolen als Orte der Zivilisationsproduktion Harald A. Mieg Im folgenden Beitrag werde ich den Versuch unternehmen, Simmels Essay Die Großstädte und das Geistesleben im Zusammenhang mit möglichen Fortsetzungen seiner Forschung zu interpretieren. Eine solche Fortführung und Detaillierung besteht in Stanley Milgrams sozial-kognitiver Analyse des Lebens in der Großstadt aus den 1970er Jahren, eine andere Linie führt zu Saskia Sassens Konzeption der Global Cities der Gegenwart.