By Ferenc L. Toth (auth.), Ferenc L. Toth (eds.)
Fossil fuels will stay the spine of the worldwide power economic system for the foreseeable destiny. The contribution of nuclear power to the worldwide strength provide can also be anticipated to extend. With the urgent have to mitigate weather switch and decrease greenhouse fuel emissions, the fossil strength is exploring the potential for carbon dioxide disposal in geological media.
Geological disposal has been studied for many years through the nuclear for you to making sure the secure containment of its wastes. Geological disposal of carbon dioxide and that of radioactive waste supplies upward thrust to many universal issues in domain names starting from geology to public popularity. during this appreciate, comparative checks show many similarities, starting from the transformation of the geological surroundings and safeguard and tracking matters to regulatory, legal responsibility and public recognition concerns. although, there are profound ameliorations on a wide diversity of matters besides, akin to the amounts and dangerous positive factors of the fabrics to be disposed of, the features of the exact geological media, the positioning engineering applied sciences concerned and the timescales required for secure containment on the disposal place.
There are plentiful possibilities to benefit from comparisons and to derive insights that may support policymakers answerable for nationwide power thoughts and overseas weather policies.
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Additional resources for Geological Disposal of Carbon Dioxide and Radioactive Waste: A Comparative Assessment
The regional chapters demonstrate that the relative importance of these similarities and differences varies depending on the broader context and the prevailing geological, geographical and socioeconomic conditions of a given country or region. The benefits and drawbacks of introducing/expanding nuclear power as well as of continued reliance on fossil energy sources with CO2 capture need to be systematically assessed with a view to the geological disposal of the waste products (RW and CO2) across a wide range of issues and against numerous criteria in order to make informed choices.
Geological storage of CO2 thus currently represents the best and likely only short- to medium-term option for significantly enhancing CO2 sinks. The technology exists today and can be applied immediately, being based on experience to date from the oil and gas industry, from the deep disposal of liquid wastes and from water resources management (IPCC 2005), and is forecasted to play an important role in reducing anthropogenic CO2 emissions into the atmosphere in the first part of this century and beyond (IEA 2004, 2006).
This country is characterized by the common problem of countries with only a few nuclear power plants: the small amount of RW that accumulates even over decades of operation and the high fixed costs of establishing a geological repository makes the latter economically unattractive. Nonetheless, South Africa is also exploring final disposal options while at the same time establishing safe RW storage facilities. As a developing country, it is not yet committed to reducing its GHG emissions but the CCD option is being seriously investigated because of the country’s increasing reliance on its abundant and cheap coal resources for power generation and because CO2 mitigation may be required under future global climate change agreements.