By Dr Julius Rocca
This booklet is a examine of the ways that Galen sought to set up the mind because the regent half (hegemonikon) of the physique, using a rigorous anatomical epistemology and a regularly subtle (but perforce restricted) set of physiological arguments. half 1 surveys the clinical and philosophical earlier during which the research of the mind happened, and appears on the fabrics and techniques which Galen employs to valid his hegemonic argumentation. half 2 examines Galen's anatomical knowing of the mind, specifically the ventricles. half three deals a serious evaluate of Galen's body structure of the mind. this is often the 1st monograph to provide an in depth account of this topic, surroundings it in the cultural and highbrow contexts of its period, and will be of curiosity to these in classics, scientific background, background and philosophy of technological know-how and the historical past of rules.
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Additional info for Galen on the Brain: Anatomical Knowledge and Physiological Speculation in the Second Century Ad (Studies in Ancient Medicine)
21–22 K. Galen adds that some of the distinguished doctors present told him that to save time he should compare and contrast his ﬁndings with those of Lycus of Macedon, a disciple of Quintus. The result was the (lost) On the ignorance of Lycus concerning anatomy. 56 Opt. Med. Cogn. p. 107,3–11 Iskandar. ”58 Such a request is hardly practical; but for Galen the anatomical science displayed on occasions such as these underscores the fundamental importance of such knowledge for both patient and physician.
At the time of writing this work, two of Martianus’ anatomical works were in circulation, and his reputation was such that Galen wrote (the lost) On the anatomy of Hippocrates and On the anatomy of Erasistratus (Lib. Propr. pp. 94,21–95,2 Mueller; XIX. 13 K (where it is “Martialius”, but there is no doubt that they are one and the same person). Galen’s lecture is a set performance in which he is given part of Erasistratus’ On bringing up blood to comment upon. The section, Erasistratus’ rejection of venesection, is used by Galen to discomfort Martianus, an alleged Erasistratean.
XVIIIA. 347 K) and Herodes Atticus, the latter consul for 143 and “the most able orator of our time” (Opt. Med. Cogn. p. 113,15–16 Iskandar). Aelius Aristides, whom Galen almost eulogises (in Pl. Ti. p. 33 Kahle). The rhetor Adrian of Tyre, (Praecogn. p. 96,16–17 Nutton; XIV. 627 K); Aelius Antipater, tutor to Caracalla and Geta, ab epistulis Graecis, consul and legate of Bithynia, whom Galen lauds for his rhetorical skills (De theriaca ad Pisonem XIV. 218 K). 36 Pleket, 1995, 33. ”39 In this text Galen records his initial contacts with the Roman elite.