By David Wood
This is the 1st booklet to deal with formulaic language at once and supply a beginning of data for graduates and researchers in early levels of research of this crucial language phenomenon. it's also appropriate for college students of linguistics, utilized linguistics, and language instructor schooling. the data that presently exists is scattered all through articles and publication chapters throughout more than a few subfields of linguistics and utilized linguistics.
Over the earlier few a long time there was a gradually expanding curiosity and learn specialize in the phenomenon of formulaic language within the fields of linguistics and utilized linguistics. Slowly, a constant definition has emerged, centring round the concept that formulaic sequences are multi-word devices with particular meanings or functions, and a few facts issues to their being processed mentally as wholes. Researchers from diversified backgrounds have pointed out the character and roles of formulaic sequences in language acquisition and creation, within the building of textual content and discourse, in spoken and written language, and in language educating. The expanding quantity, range, and complexity of the nation of data approximately this rising zone of research is marshalled via this clever and well-written book.
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Extra info for Fundamentals of formulaic language : an introduction
In working with language data, expert or native speaker judgment about formulaicity may be employed, measures well suited to smaller or quite specific data sets. In these cases, a checklist of characteristics of the strings and their uses can be a useful guide for judges. A few of the many themes and patterns which the research shows are: MM MM MM MM MM Formulaic language is challenging to identify from texts, transcripts, and corpora. Formulaic language can be identified by various means. Formulaic language may best be identified by use of a combination of measures.
What are the implications of the frequency and MI results you have found? 5 Take a word string you think may be formulaic from particular text. Take another which you think may not be formulaic. Enter each string into a Google search box. What do the resulting lists of hits tell you about the strings in terms of their frequency and function or meaning? Are your original intuitions confirmed or not? 6 Record some spoken language from the media or from real-life communication. Can you apply some knowledge of the acoustic characteristics of spoken formulaic sequences and find some possibly formulaic sequences?
However, Wray (2002, p. 23) identifies five weaknesses in this method: 1 It has to be restricted to smaller data sets. 2 Inconsistent judgment may occur due to fatigue or alterations in judgment thresholds over time. 3 There may be variation between judges. 4 There may not be a single answer as to what to search for. 5 Application of intuition in such a way may occur at the expense of knowledge we do not have at the surface level of awareness. We have only to return to our two identification tasks at the beginning of this chapter to see also how challenging it can be to start attempting to isolate formulaic sequences from a text or a corpus without any guidelines.