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By Raffael Scheck

This e-book discusses the event of approximately 100,000 French colonial prisoners of struggle captured through Nazi Germany in the course of global struggle II. Raffael Scheck indicates that the German therapy of French colonial infantrymen better dramatically after preliminary abuses, major the French experts in 1945 to think that there has been a potential German plot to instigate a uprising within the French empire. Scheck illustrates that the colonial prisoners' contradictory reviews with French professionals, French civilians, and German guards created robust calls for for equivalent rights on the finish of the struggle, resulting in clashes with a colonial management desirous to reintegrate them right into a discriminatory regimen.

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Berg, 1996). See, however, Scheck’s qualifications regarding Killingray’s numbers: Scheck, Hitler’s African Victims, 60, note 109. Julien Fargettas, Les Tirailleurs sénégalais. Les soldats noirs entre légendes et réalité 1939–1945 (Paris: Tallandier, 2012), 207–48. Charles-Robert Ageron, “Les populations du Maghreb face à la propagande allemande,” Revue d’histoire de la Deuxième Guerre mondiale 29, no. 114 (1979). 18 Introduction treatment of the captivity of colonial POWs in World War II, although he only used a small segment of the vast collections in the French national and military archives and focused predominantly on Algerians.

Many prisoners escaped in the first months, taking advantage of poor guarding and insufficiently secured provisional camps. Moreover, an unknown number of colonial prisoners died because of the harsh conditions of the first weeks, or from deliberate abuse. One thing is clear, however: The number of colonial prisoners was rapidly declining in the first year of captivity, predominantly because of disease and escapes. The most comprehensive counting established that there were 72–73,000 colonial prisoners in July 1941, but contemporary statistics, POW registration cards, and camp occupancy lists suggest that there had been significantly more colonial prisoners in German hands in the first months after the armistice.

Some shortages (particularly of clothing and shoes) persisted, but Recham acknowledges that the Germans sometimes worked hard to remedy the problems. 50 At the time, Recham’s book provided the most comprehensive 46 47 48 49 50 Lawler, Soldiers of Misfortune, 106. Myron Echenberg, Colonial Conscripts: The Tirailleurs Sénégalais in French West Africa, 1857– 1960, Social History of Africa (Portsmouth, New Hampshire, and London: Heinemann and James Currey, 1991), 96–7 and 127–41. David Killingray, “Africans and African Americans in Enemy Hands,” in Prisoners of War and Their Captors in World War II, ed.

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