By Jonathan Magonet
This paintings is an research of the literary kind of the biblical booklet of Jonah. beginning with a close research of notice utilization (repetition of phrases and words, the constitution of person chapters and of the ebook as a complete, using quotations from in other places within the Bible), it examines the connection among those components and the guidelines the tale itself conveys. Noting the vast variety of opinion as to the nature of Jonah and the aim of the publication, it demonstrates the assets of those ambiguities within the textual content itself and indicates a brand new method of interpretation.
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Extra resources for Form and Meaning: Studies in Literary Techniques in the Book of Jonah
1' I ~,. ,. ,.. 'llr~>. ,. P\ ,. 1' P\ p r- r-~ ~~ ,...... ~ r- ~0 IJ,. ,n r1,.. ~. ,... ~::~.! ,,. ,,.. ) To sum up, we have noted two stylistic features common to the psalm and the narrative parts of the book, as well as two common thematic ideas (the role of God and the selfwilled individual who must submit his will to God's). It is therefore our contention that the "psalm" was indeed composed by the author of the book and incorporated by him at this point. Further evidence will be brought at each stage of the remainder of this analysis.
So also the form "proclamation" in 3:2). In this sense it links together the two commands to Jonah, in Chapters 1 and 3, to proclaim God's word against Nineveh. Here the speaker calls out from a position of knowledge and self-confidence on behalf of God: Yet by the paradoxical methods of our author, the same root is used to serve a totally opposite meaning: the cry of prayer in distress when self -confidence is totally lacking, a cry addressed to God. The transition point naturally hinges on the figure of Jonah himself, in the ironic situation we have already noted (66) - the captain of the ship telling Jonah to "cry out" to his God, thus repeating unknowingly God' s call word MULTIPLE MEANINGS 25 to Jonah.
Moreover by using the same word it allows a comparison to be made between the relationship of all three "characters" and this concept. Thus it puts into contrast the "acknowledged" evil of the Ninevites and the "unacknowledged" evil of Jonah (which we have seen in Chapter 1), and prepares us for the discussion of this in Chapter 4 (59). The subtlety of this interplay of ideas becomes apparent with the next usage of the word, in Jonah's statement about the attributes (60) of God in 4:2. " In its overt meaning, Jonah's words refer back directly to God's "repenting of the evil" He said He would do to Nineveh (3:10), thus making a further bridge between the two chapters.