By Leslie T. Chang
An eye-opening and formerly untold tale, Factory Girls is the 1st look at the standard lives of the migrant manufacturing unit inhabitants in China.
China has one hundred thirty million migrant workers—the biggest migration in human heritage. In Factory Girls, Leslie T. Chang, a former correspondent for the Wall road Journal in Beijing, tells the tale of those employees essentially in the course of the lives of 2 younger ladies, whom she follows over the process 3 years as they try to upward push from the meeting traces of Dongguan, an commercial urban in China’s Pearl River Delta.
As she tracks their lives, Chang paints a never-before-seen photo of migrant life—a global the place approximately everyone seems to be less than thirty; the place you could lose your boyfriend and your mates with the lack of a cellphone; the place a couple of computing device or English classes can catapult you right into a totally different social classification. Chang takes us within a sneaker manufacturing unit so huge that it has its personal health facility, movie show, and fireplace division; to posh karaoke bars which are fronts for prostitution; to makeshift English periods the place scholars shave their heads in monklike devotion and sit down day by day in entrance of machines staring at English phrases flash by way of; and again to a farming village for the chinese language New 12 months, revealing the poverty and idleness of rural existence that force younger women to go away domestic within the first position. all through this riveting portrait, Chang additionally interweaves the tale of her personal family’s migrations, inside of China and to the West, delivering old and private frames of reference for her investigation.
A e-book of worldwide value that offers new perception into China, Factory Girls demonstrates how the mass circulate from rural villages to towns is remaking person lives and remodeling chinese language society, a lot as immigration to America’s seashores remade our personal kingdom a century in the past.
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Extra resources for Factory Girls: From Village to City in a Changing China
Second, I explore the “convenience” hypothesis, the expectation that managers welcome the use of temporary workers because they feel that it entails a straightforward and seamless business transaction (hire when needed, terminate when not) that gives them greater flexibility. Third, I explore the “iron hand” hypothesis that suggests that because temporary workers lack the legal/temporal attachment to the firm that is assumed to be a foundation for eliciting work effort, discipline, and commitment, managers will use coercive or discouraging tactics.
MANIPULATING AGENCIES Sociologists who study work and the labor process have noted the variety of ways in which the management process has been made more complex by the addition of other individuals and groups (including consultants, engineers, human resources personnel, and customers) into the monitoring, disciplinary, and control process (Kunda, 1992; Noble, 1977). As has been typical with the increased use of temporary workers (Gottfried, 1991; Rogers & Barrett, 1998), the new regime of temporary employment in CompTech has brought an additional actor into the shopfloor: the temporary help agency.
Such individuals may have been more likely to seek temporary employment in a setting that held out two things that were compatible with their gendered expectations about work: a bluecollar job and permanent employment. I speculate that we would find this configuration of demographics and temporary work in manufacturing and assembly work sites in other core firms, where men have traditionally been located. It is possible that this gender composition affected managers’ efforts to treat temps equitably, but the more compelling explanation rests, I will argue, in CompTech’s paternalistic culture.