By Robert D. van Valin Jr.
Whereas all languages can in attaining an analogous simple communicative ends, they each one use varied ability to accomplish them, quite within the divergent ways in which syntax, semantics and pragmatics have interaction throughout languages. Written in the framework of position and Reference Grammar, which proposes a collection of ideas to hyperlink semantic and syntactic family members to one another, this ebook discusses intimately how constitution, that means, and communicative functionality engage in human languages. basically written and finished, will probably be welcomed by way of all these engaged on the interface among syntax, semantics and pragmatics.
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Extra info for Exploring the Syntax-Semantics Interface
12). 6) involve aspect, nuclear directionals (nuclear because they modify the motion of the action, not a participant), and tense. 7) illustrate aspect and tense in (a) and modality, status and tense 9 10 syntactic structure in (b). 12). 11). 11) is the mirror image of the order in the Kewa, Turkish and Barasano examples. 6) a. b. 7) a. b. 8) a. b. c. Kewa (Papua-New Guinea; Franklin 1971) ´Ira-pa-niaa-ru. ’ ´Ira-pa-saa-ru. ’ Turkish (Watters 1993) Gel-ıyor-du-m. ’ Gel-emi-yebil-ir-im. ’ English He may be leaving soon.
3 that argument-adjuncts behave differently from arguments in crucial ways. The two types of adposition would be symbolized differently in projection grammar representations of the layered structure of the clause. Since nonpredicative adpositions mark core arguments, the phrases in which they occur would be PPs in the core; the adposition would be treated the same as a case marker, and in particular it would not be considered the head of the phrase. Predicative adpositions, on the other hand, are the head and nucleus of the phrase in which they occur, and their object is in fact their single argument.
Ma qo:ʔ as-ʔ i. -ʔ i. 21b). 21b ). Hence, in at least some languages, the elements that can serve as the nucleus of a referring expression are categorially varied, just like the elements that can function as the nucleus of the clause are. This suggests strongly that ‘NP’ is not the appropriate label for the referring expressions in the constituent projection of the clause; rather, something like ‘RP’ for ‘referential phrase’ would be more appropriate, with the nucleus canonically but not necessarily filled by a nominal element.