By Gary K. Wolfe
In this wide-ranging sequence of essays, an award-winning technology fiction critic explores how the comparable genres of technological know-how fiction, delusion, and horror evolve, merge, and at last “evaporate” into new and extra dynamic kinds. starting with a dialogue of the way literary readers “unlearned” how you can learn the glorious throughout the heyday of life like fiction, Gary ok. Wolfe is going directly to express how the glorious reasserted itself in well known style literature, and the way those genres themselves grew more and more volatile when it comes to either narrative shape and the worlds they painting. extra specified discussions of ways particular modern writers have promoted this evolution are by way of a last essay interpreting how the competing discourses have led towards an rising synthesis of serious techniques and vocabularies. The essays hide an enormous diversity of authors and texts, and contain monstrous discussions of very present fiction released in the previous few years.
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Extra info for Evaporating Genres: Essays on Fantastic Literature
Jonathan Lethem’s ﬁrst novel, Gun, with Occasional Music (1994) uses the form of the hard-boiled detective tale, but is set in a postliterate, drug-dazed, twenty-ﬁrst-century dystopia ﬁlled with talking animals that function much like cartoon characters; his later novels have moved increasingly further from traditional genre structures, but have never quite abandoned the skillful structural use of genre iconography. China Miéville’s second and third novels, Perdido Street Station (2001) and The Scar (2002) are set in a densely grotesque fantasy world—his New Crobuzon is one of the great urban environments of modern fantasy—but a world whose inhabitants and technology are a chaotic mix of science ﬁction, horror, and alchemy.
Writers from ‘‘outside’’—Doris Lessing, Marge Piercy, Margaret Atwood, Paul Theroux, John Updike, P. D. ∞∑ Science Fiction Historicals Writers have begun to respond to this uncertainty in a variety of ways, developing strategies for writing science ﬁction without writing in the genre of science ﬁction, just as Straub experimented in writing horror without horror, or Ryman fantasy without fantasy. One strategy is essentially to colonize another genre, using the tropes of science ﬁction as instrumentalities for moving the narrative into a di√erent mode altogether.
Patrick O’Leary’s 1997 novel The Gift seems a fairly conventional fantasy, until we ﬁnd mention of spacecraft and personality matrices; while his 2001 novel The Impossible Bird is a posthumous fantasy of brotherly love in which the fantasy premise is rationalized by an appeal to alien conspiracies and informationladen hummingbirds. Even Stephen King, in what may turn out to become the most ambitious work of his career, combines classic quest fantasy motifs with apocalyptic science ﬁction, Western motifs, and his more familiar trademark horror e√ects in his ‘‘Dark Tower’’ sequence (1970–2004).