By Antonio Logrieco, Antonio Bottalico (auth.), Xiangming Xu, John A. Bailey, B. Michael Cooke (eds.)
This quantity has collected jointly expert studies complied via EU-Cost motion 835: Agriculturally very important Toxigenic Fungi. The contents might be of specific curiosity to scientists fascinated by the incidence of mycotoxins and the environmental elements that result in their accumulation in plants. it is going to even be of price to all these drawn to epidemiological elements of plant ailment. the knowledge can also be helpful to these aiming to minimise the degrees of mycotoxins in human and animal nutrition items.
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Extra resources for Epidemiology of Mycotoxin Producing Fungi: Under the aegis of COST Action 835 ‘Agriculturally Important Toxigenic Fungi 1998–2003’, EU project (QLK 1-CT-1998–01380)
2002). Quantifying inoculum of soil-borne pathogens is generally more problematic (Jeger, 2000). Inoculum dispersal Inoculum dispersal fulﬁls essentially three functions: (1) population survival, (2) colonisation of new habitats and (3) reproduction (Ingold, 1971). Dispersal can occur either by mycelium or spores. Spore dispersal comprises three phases; liberation, which can be passive or active (Dix and Webster, 1995), transport, and deposition (Ingold, 1978). The dispersal scale depends on inoculum properties as well as the transport vector, and may range from a few metres through rainsplash (Madden, 1992), to 100–10 000 m for airborne spores, such as those of powdery mildew of cereals (Andrivon and Limpert, 1992).
1998) improved an existing risk point system using logistic regressions. The factors that affect Sclerotinia infection were given points with regard to the risk of heavy infestations. The choice of risk factors and risk points in the improved model was made on the basis of statistical and biological considerations. New threshold values for spraying recommendations were determined. Mild Sclerotinia epidemics were predicted for <40 points and spraying was not recommended. If the risk point was ≥50, spraying was recommended.
They may also vary with the level of host susceptibility and with host growth stages, features that emphasise the importance of studying both pathogen and host dynamics. e. the length of time during which a single colony continues to produce spores), as this determines the quantity of spores that a single colony is likely to produce during its lifetime. Pathogen dynamics regulation Fleming (1980) argued that the role of predation and parasitism in pathogen regulation might be greater than previously recognised.