By Klaus Krickeberg
This ebook is intended for adoption in first classes on epidemiology in clinical faculties and schools of Public well-being in developing and transition international locations and in workshops in those international locations, taught for instance through individuals of foreign companies. it's also compatible for parallel or moment studying inside curricula in developed nations and for instructing epidemiology in a Master’s programme on “International Health”. The publication will let any lecturer to compose his or her introductory classes on epidemiology via picking the cloth deemed applicable. it is going to offer a superb origin for extra complex teaching.
The meant readership is composed within the first position of normal scientific scholars; scholars following the programme “Preventive health care professional” that runs parallel to common clinical reviews in a few nations; scholars beginning to focus on Public overall healthiness; and academics in epidemiology. The publication may also serve good as an creation into epidemiology for anyone else attracted to this box, for instance employees of future health institutions.
Examples and sensible paintings are taken from the current scenario of future health in Vietnam, which may simply be tailored to the other constructing or transition country.
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Additional info for Epidemiology: Key to Prevention
Many more examples from each of the categories of factors listed in Sect. 5 will be given in later lessons. Prevention in the sense of this section means preventing the appearance of the disease in a certain number of subjects of the target population. Thus it aims at lowering the incidence of the disease. It is sometimes called “primary prevention”. In contrast, one denotes by “secondary prevention” measures that apply to cases which have already started, namely early detection and early treatment.
The objective of the present study was to compare two of them: – Galvanocautery (treatment 1); – Use of Laser CO2 (treatment 2). It started by recruiting the 102 married women aged 18 to 49 years who were examined between April and December 2009 in the Gynaecological Department of the University Hospital of Thaı´ Bı`nh and were diagnosed as suffering from a benign wound of the cervix according to certain precise diagnostic criteria; this was the so-called “study population”. Each patient was attributed his number of arrival, and the study population was divided into two groups as follows: group nr.
There are two types of preventive measures: preventive treatments, and reducing the level of risk factors. Both rely heavily on epidemiologic knowledge. Let us first have a look at preventive treatments. The most important and successful ones have been immunizations against certain infectious diseases. Again, all preventive treatments to be applied as Public Health measures need to be evaluated first by clinical trials analogously to those of curative treatments. In particular, for a given vaccination procedure, one needs to know its “efficacy”, which is, vaguely speaking, the proportion of people protected by the vaccination among those who would have fallen ill if there had been no vaccination.