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This textbook offers a transparent and accomplished advent to the quickly increasing box of environmental psychology.
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Extra resources for Environmental Psychology: A Psycho-social Introduction
P. and psychological tradition 23 developed both in response and in opposition to the European Gestalt school; they essentially proposed an inversion in perspective, in functionalist terms, in the study of perception, which until then had been dominated by the phenomenological viewpoint of the Gestaltists. The main problem of the perceptual phenomenon, and in particular of the 'inside-outside correspondence', tended to be ignored by the Gestaltists through the primacy assigned to the 'phenomenic' world, that is, the perceived worid, with respect to the physical-objective one: on the basis of the theory of 'isomorphism', a character of necessity is impHcitly affirmed for every perceptual event.
Here we must note another innovative aspect of Brunswik's contribution to the psychology of perception, which has remained as the foundation of subsequent cognitive psychology: the abandonment of the concept of stimulus with regard to environmental data in favour of that of environmental cues. With Brunswik, the perceptual process began to be considered as a process of utilization of cues or information coming from the environment. Brunswik's proposal is aimed not only at bringing the role of the physical-objective environment back to the fore, under the form of 'ecological texture', in the perceptual process, but also at restoring to the individual the active and central role within that process, which the Gestalt school had completely delegated to form.
12). The individual, faced with the ambiguities and inconsistencies of sensory cues he/she receives from the environment, must construct a repertoire of probabilistic judgements about it, taking on the task of sampling environmental cues originating from the variety of existing environmental conditions; the impossibility of samphng all possible environments necessarily leads to the formation of non-absolute probabihstic judgements. The individual then tends to verify the accuracy of the probabilistic judgement by experiencing its functional consequences through actions in the environment.