By Simon Yates
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Extra info for Encyclopedia of Tables (Spanish Edition)
In a language where L- and M-tenses diverge significantly in meaning it becomes dif ficult to keep the categories clearly in mind, especially when they are studied or described in the context of a language in which the two are closely related. English draws a tight correlation between M-tense and In tense. Greek, however, does not. 21 Fig. 9. L-/M-tense English Greek (Trad, view) Greek (Porter's view) Tense As noted at the end of chapter 1, several contemporary grammarians argue that there is no overlap between these two categories in Greek.
35 36 37 38 Present Indicative Forms Matt. 8:25, Ki3pi€ ... a (they were coming) f Matt. a0r)TWV \iov (lam going to observe) Matt. f| TTOIOOV Kapirov KaXov €KK6TTT€TGI Kal els TrOp pdXXeTai (is cut off) 2 Cor. 9:7, iXapov yap 86-rr|V dyair? 6 Geog (God loves) Aorist Indicative Forms Luke 16:4, cyvwv TI TTOITICJG) (I know) 2 Cor. ov (will hate) Eph. s hates) y a p TTOTE kavrov TT\V ... Kayu> aireoreiXa ADPKA € | i i a i i O € V Luke 7:35, Kal eSucaicoOi) r\ oofyia ano justified) avrovs (no one ever TRDIMOV TWV TeKvwv airrf]s (is Perfect Indicative Forms Matt.
He does, however, assert a definite temporal relationship of the indicative verb. This he classes as primary tense (past, present, future). Verbs that do not conform to this system are treated as excep tions. Outside the indicative other moods have little temporal signifi87 88 89 21 VERBAL ASPECT THEORY cance except for the participle which expresses "secondary tense" (simultaneous or antecedent occurrence). 90 S. Porter, The thesis of Porter's work is concisely stated in the preface of his published dissertation: The major assertion of this work in biblical Greek linguistics is that the category of synthetic verbal aspect—a morphologically-based semantic cate gory which grammaticalizes the author/speaker's reasoned subjective choice of conception of a process—provides a suggestive and workable linguistic model for explaining the range of uses of the tense forms in Greek.