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By Frederick J. Murphy

This textbook offers an creation to the second one Temple interval (520 B.C.E.?–70 C.E.), the formative period of early Judaism and the milieu of Jesus and of the earliest Christians. by means of paying shut cognizance to unique sources?—especially the Bible, the Pseudepigrapha, the lifeless Sea Scrolls, and Josephus?—Frederick J. Murphy introduces scholars to the realm of historical Jews and Christians. Early Judaism: The Exile to the Time of Jesus, designed to serve scholars and lecturers within the lecture room, can also be of serious curiosity to an individual searching for an entree into this pivotal interval. It includes feedback for fundamental readings, bibliographies, maps, illustrations, glossaries, and indexes.

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Saul is of the tribe of Benjamin, settled just to the north of the territory of the southern tribe of Judah. Because Saul later disobeys God, God does not let him found a dynasty. God chooses David as Israel’s new king, and to that end, Samuel anoints David in 1 Sam 16. But Saul continues to reign for a time. David originally belongs to Saul’s entourage, but they part company when Saul becomes jealous over David’s military victories. David flees Saul and becomes head of a group of bandits (1 Sam 22).

In the portrayal of Solomon in 1 Kgs 3, we learn something about Israelite wisdom. Solomon’s wisdom is, first of all, that of a ruler: he rules wisely. He is also a wise judge. First Kings 4:32–33 contains further instances of Solomon’s alleged wisdom: “He composed three thousand proverbs, and his songs numbered a thousand and five. ” The proverb is the form most characteristic of wisdom. Proverbs—short sayings containing general reflections on life—are the product of human reason acting on everyday experience to discern the way things work.

Reverts to the political and religious policies of Hezekiah. E. Judah does not rest easy under the Babylonian yoke. E. to pacify the area, but there is peace for only a decade. When Judah is again rebellious, the Babylonians come again in force. , Jerusalem falls and its king is deported to Babylonia. The following verses describe what then transpires: 20 EARLY JUDAISM FROM THE EXILE TO THE TIME OF JESUS He [Nebuchadnezzar’s general] burned the house of the LORD, the king’s house, and all the houses of Jerusalem; every great house he burned down.

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