Download Early Arabic Grammatical Theory: Heterogeneity & by Jonathan Owens PDF

By Jonathan Owens

The Arabic grammatical culture is striking for having prepared a large number of descriptive fabric inside a cosmopolitan formal framework. the current research seeks to explain the early improvement of the program from a theory-internal standpoint; it's generally interested in the improvement of the syntactic concept as a proper item, as approach of ideas. This recreation is comprised of 4 sub-goals: an outline of early advancements, their periodization, their relation to the conventional account when it comes to the Basran and Kufan faculties, and their relation to trendy linguistic conception.

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Then follows a discussion of the derivation of the word ism "name, noun" (cf. Anbari In: no. 1), a general discussion of the meaning of bi "by means of' and the form of grammatical particles in which inter alia he seeks to establish why certain Cf. Larcher 1987 for discussion of why the perfective verb form is used in this performative context. g. Zajjaj I: 8, 17, 34, 54). In this discussion, as in many other places, he invokes Sibawayh's opinion a number of times. He further discusses the phrase §al-rahman al-rahiym, which Farra' does not analyze.

Very often a position is identified in conjunction with a typical filler, and other members of the paradigm, often morphologically or syntactically more complex, are identified relative to this typical filler. The methodological basis of this system, as Carter (1973a) has pointed out, is reminiscent of the practices developed by American structuralists in the 1930's and 1940's, though it should be emphasized that at no point does Sibawayh make this methodology explicit (cf. Versteegh 1978) and his terminology is far from fixed (Versteegh 1987: 155).

It is interesting to observe that Farra' goes on to offer an explanation for why such plurals are diptotes, namely because they are unique in that no singular nouns have such a form (CaCaaCiC). General rules are equally invoked in his work on gender, as when he declares that "any of the sounds/letters aa, b, t, etc. when designating the alphabet are feminine" (MM: 110). 22 FARRA' AS LINGUIST It is readily apparent that with such statements Farra' is more interested in explaining the language in general than in individual texts.

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