By Margaret Pabst Battin, Erik Luna, Arthur G. Lipman, Paul M. Gahlinger, Douglas E. Rollins
This compact and leading edge publication tackles one of many imperative matters in drug coverage: the inability of a coherent conceptual constitution for pondering medicinal drugs. medications as a rule fall into certainly one of seven different types: prescription, over-the-counter, substitute medication, common-use medicinal drugs like alcohol, tobacco and caffeine; religious-use, activities enhancement; and naturally unlawful road medicinal drugs like cocaine and marijuana. Our considering and rules varies wildly from one to the opposite, with inconsistencies that derive extra from cultural and social values than from clinical or medical evidence. consequences exist for steroid use, whereas natural treatments or chilly medicine are criminal. local american citizens could legally use peyote, yet others won't. consequences may possibly range for utilizing diversified types of an identical drug, resembling crack vs. powder cocaine. natural treatments are unregulated by way of the FDA; yet scientific marijuana is illegitimate in such a lot states. Battin and her participants lay a beginning for a smarter drug coverage by means of selling consistency and coherency within the dialogue of drug concerns and via encouraging a different discussion throughout disciplines. The participants are an interdisciplinary workforce of students more often than not established on the college of Utah, and comprise a pharmacologist, a psychiatrist, a toxicologist, a tribulation court docket pass judgement on, a legislation professor, an lawyer, a diatary professional, a doctor, a overall healthiness professional on substance abuse, and Battin herself who's a thinker. they give thought to questions just like the historic improvement of present coverage and the rationales for it; medical perspectives on how medications really reason damage; how to find the main notions of damage and habit; and ways that drug coverage may be made extra constant. They finish with an exam of the results of a constant coverage for varied disciplines and society ordinarily. The booklet is written accessibly with no need for professional wisdom, and should entice a various viewers of philosophers, bioethicists, clinicians, coverage makers, legislations enforcement, criminal students and practitioners, social employees, and common readers, in addition to to scholars in components like pharmacy, drugs, legislation, nursing, sociology, social paintings, psychology, and bioethics.
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Additional info for Drugs and Justice: Seeking a Consistent, Coherent, Comprehensive Views
Indeed, even some deﬁnitions of the term drug itself may undermine rather than contribute to overall comprehensiveness. For instance, deﬁning “drug” as a substance that is used in the “cure, mitigation, prevention, or treatment of a disease in man or other animals, with the exception of foods,” would be both too broad and too narrow. Although water, for example, is neither a food nor a drug, it is essential and often prescribed as rehydration to help treat dangerous medical conditions, and the production of bottled water and “natural” water is regulated.
One type of consistency, internal consistency, can help locate these relevancy criteria. For a policy to be internally consistent, it must not frustrate its own stated purpose in its application. If the stated purpose of making certain drugs illegal is to protect the user from the drug, then treating crack and powder cocaine differently seems internally inconsistent, given their chemical equivalence and similar biological effects. However, if the stated purpose is more speciﬁcally to protect the urban poor from dangerous substances, and impoverished city dwellers are found to gravitate toward crack cocaine instead of the powder form, then there is no internal inconsistency in treating the two drugs differently.
S. jurisdictions adopt terms mirroring those used 16 Drugs and Justice by the federal government, legal terms may differ from state to state, as each jurisdiction has the power to deﬁne for itself what will or will not be deemed a drug (or type of drug) for purposes of its laws. Not only is there no one universally accepted deﬁnition of the word “drug,” it is also difﬁcult to categorize drugs in a reasonable way. Where should a particular drug count in a classiﬁcatory scheme that serves as a basis for policy?