Download Die klassische Moderne: Moderne Gesellschaften Erster Band by Ditmar Brock PDF

By Ditmar Brock

Dieses Lehrbuch folgt der Unterscheidung zwischen klassischer und radikalisierter Moderne. In diesem Band zur klassischen Moderne werden soziologische Theorien behandelt, die die Herausbildung der modernen Gesellschaft zu erklären suchen. Im Mittelpunkt stehen dabei Weber, Parsons und Luhmann. Diese Positionen werden in eine Darstellung des soziologischen Denkens zur modernen Gesellschaft von Saint Simon bis Durkheim und Simmel eingebettet. Weiterhin werden wichtige thematische Ergänzungen, aber auch Debatten und Kritik an der klassischen Modernisierungstheorie verfolgt. Diese Darstellung der Theorie wird durch einen sozialhistorischen Teil ergänzt, der wichtige institutionelle Entwicklungen vor der Industrialisierung sowie den Industrialisierungsprozess behandelt.

Dieser Band wird durch einen zweiten Band zur radikalisierten Moderne ergänzt werden. Der Aspekt der Globalisierung wurde bereits in dem Lehrbuch Globalisierung. Wirtschaft – Politik – Kultur – Gesellschaft (Brock 2008) ausführlich dargestellt.

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Extra info for Die klassische Moderne: Moderne Gesellschaften Erster Band

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Von den in diesem Band behandelten Theoretikern wurde vor allem Parsons erheblich von Durkheims Überlegungen beeinÀusst. Unter den Theoretikern der radikalisierten Moderne hat Durkheim vor allem bei Anthony Giddens deutliche Spuren hinterlassen. Durkheims Studie über die Arbeitsteilung wird jedoch nicht deswegen an dieser Stelle vorgestellt, weil ihre Ergebnisse bis heute Bestand haben. In dieser Hinsicht muss man eher konstatieren, dass Durkheims Argumentation in nahezu 1 Der französische Originaltitel lautete: ‚De la division du travail social : étude sur l’organisation des sociétés supérieures‘ Arbeitsteilung, Solidarität und Anomie 33 allen Teilen der Kritik nicht standhalten konnte.

Ein solches Kalkül kann sich immer nur dort entwickeln, wo Arbeit nicht mehr direkt auf menschliche Bedürfnisse bezogen ist, sondern unabhängig von situativ auftretenden Bedürfnissen organisiert werden kann. Was damit ausgedrückt werden soll, kann man am leichtesten am Beispiel der Arbeit einer Hausfrau nachvollziehen. Charakteristisch für ihre Arbeit ist ja, dass sie permanent unterschiedlichsten situativ auftretenden Anforderungen gerecht werden muss, und deswegen über ein gewisses Maß an Ef¿zienz nie hinauskommen kann (vgl.

Das ist sehr formalistisch gedacht und wird Durkheim nur teilweise gerecht, da es ihm eben um „soziale Arbeitsteilung“ geht. Wie wir noch sehen werden, hätte er an diese Stelle auch den „Kult des Individuums“ oder „indirekte Einbindung der Individuen in die Gesellschaft“ setzen können, Begriffe und Formulierungen, die seine Auffassung sozialer Arbeitsteilung pointierter ausdrücken, als der zu Missverständnissen Anlass gebende Begriff der sozialen Arbeitsteilung. 36 Soziologische Theorie der klassischen Moderne Stelle wird also die klare Unterscheidung zwischen modernen und vormodernen Gesellschaften etwas relativiert, da Durkheim davon ausgeht, dass moderne Gesellschaften immer auch auf vormoderne soziale Grundlagen zurückgreifen.

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