By Ranjit N. Ratnaike
This textbook presents a pragmatic and complete account of the administration of diarrhea and constipation within the aged. those universal issues should not just a burden in themselves yet are usually manifestations of a extra severe underlying affliction; hence, powerful analysis and therapy are necessary to enhance caliber of existence. The chapters contain updates on pathogenesis, analysis and therapy, and spotlight the vulnerability of the aged to diarrhea and its problems. The etiology of diarrhea is defined, together with infections of the gastrointestinal tract, and systemic illnesses of which it's a symptom. The authors characterize diversified disciplines: immunology, body structure, microbiology, meals, and psychiatry. The publication is geared toward geriatricians, normal practitioners, gastroenterologists, and allied medical experts.
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Additional info for Diarrhoea and Constipation in Geriatric Practice
In Diarrhoeal Diseases, ed. M. Field, pp. 49–72. New York: Elsevier. A. & Gasbarriri, G. (1986). Ageing and small bowel mucosa: a morphometric study. Gerontology 32:60–5. Field, M. (1991). Intestinal ion transport mechanisms. In Diarrhoeal Diseases, ed. M. Field, pp. 3–21. New York: Elsevier. S. (1967). Speculations on the pathogenesis of diarrhoea. Fed Proc. 26:1405–14. W. (1991). Approach to the patient with diarrhoea. In Textbook of Gastroenterology, vol 1, ed. T. Yamada, pp. 732–78. Philadelphia: Lippincott.
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Osmotic diarrhoea Osmotic diarrhoea is another major mechanism by which diarrhoea occurs. The causative agents are osmotically active compounds that are poorly absorbed, or not absorbed at all, in the colon and are therefore present in the lumen in a high concentration. Their osmotic eﬀect causes ﬂuid to ﬂow into the lumen. When the absorptive capacity of the colon is exceeded, diarrhoea occurs. The process is physiological. No alterations occur in either the intracellular mechanisms of secretion or absorption as in secretory diarrhoea.