By Paul Borgman
The biblical tale of King David and his clash with King Saul (1 and a couple of Samuel) is among the such a lot colourful and perennially renowned within the Hebrew Bible. lately, this tale has attracted loads of scholarly consciousness, a lot of it dedicated to displaying that David used to be a miles much less heroic personality than appears to be like at the floor. certainly, a couple of has painted David as a despicable tyrant. Paul Borgman presents a counter-reading to those reviews, via an attentive interpreting of the narrative styles of the textual content. He specializes in one of many key positive aspects of historical Hebrew narrative poetics -- repeated styles -- taking precise notice of even the small adaptations every time a trend recurs. He argues that such "hearing cues" could have alerted an historical viewers to the solutions to such questions as "Who is David?" and "What is so incorrect with Saul?" The narrative insists on such questions, says Borgman, slowly disclosing solutions via styles of repeated eventualities and dominant motifs that yield, eventually, the perfect paintings of storytelling in historical literature. Borgman concludes with a comparability with Homer's storytelling method, demontrating that the David tale is certainly a masterpiece and David (as Baruch Halpern has acknowledged) "the first really glossy human."
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Extra info for David, Saul, and God: Rediscovering an Ancient Story
In the case of Jonathan and a single companion, the enemy panics; just 32 david, saul, and god prior, Saul’s troops panic, slinking away. King Saul is not capable of keeping his men from deserting in the face of the assembled enemy, a fact underscored by the example of Jonathan’s striking fear into the hearts of his enemy. This Jonathan interlude functions with deft point to diminish Saul, to indicate a deep-seated ﬂaw within the king’s inner person. For example: ‘‘The Lord gave Israel the victory that day’’ working with Jonathan—not Saul; Jonathan is recognized by the people as the one ‘‘who has accomplished this great victory in Israel’’ (I, 14:23, 45).
Saul’s response ‘‘I saw that the people were slipping away from me . .. ’’ Consequences Samuel: ‘‘Your kingdom will not continue; the Lord has sought out a man after his own heart . ’’ Saul and his people spare King Agag and ‘‘the best of the cattle . ) Samuel confronts Saul: you did not obey; you did not listen. ‘‘I feared the people . ’’ ‘‘I have sinned . . 33 What can God do with this divinely chosen Saul—a strange predicament for God to be in? This story’s God is so radically free as to view affairs partly of God’s own doing and decide to make a change.
Private Samuel anoints Saul, privately (10:1) 34 Physical appearance The anointing God support? ’’ Fearful? Knowing he is to be ruler, Saul hides from all Israel at the lot-drawing for King. Public Samuel presents Saul: ‘‘Long live the king,’’ shout the people. God has to tell the people of Israel where Saul is hiding. 3rd Anointing (I, 10:27b–11:15) Charismatic Courage warrior-like; rallies the people as would a charismatic leader, an old-time judge Public ‘‘All the people . . ’’ ‘‘The spirit of God came upon Saul in power’’: people declare Saul King.