Download Das erzwungene Paradies des Alters?: Fragen an eine by Anton Amann, Franz Kolland PDF

By Anton Amann, Franz Kolland

Das Buch ist Fragen gewidmet, die sich heute in der Sozialgerontologie stellen, wenn es um die Bestimmung ihres wissenschaftlichen prestige und um die politische Relevanz ihres Forschens geht. Ihr Gegenstand, das Altern, ist in ungeahntem Maße ein öffentliches Thema geworden, das vielschichtige und widersprüchliche Behandlung erfährt. Eine Mischung aus Idealisierung und Abwertung, aus Zweckoptimismus und Defizitangst durchzieht die vielen Diskussionen und Publikationen über das Altern. Von den Brüchen und Widersprüchen in den gesellschaftlichen Einschätzungen bleibt auch die Sozialgerontologie selbst nicht unberührt. Insbesondere dann nicht, wenn sie sich den Fragen von Nutzen und Kosten, Privilegien und Benachteiligungen, Chancen und Gefährdungen zuwendet. Gegenüber der ersten Auflage sind Weiterungen, Ergänzungen und neue Themen und Methoden aufgenommen worden, in denen die Heterogenität der gesamten Themenstellung zusätzlich offenbar wurde.

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Additional resources for Das erzwungene Paradies des Alters?: Fragen an eine Kritische Gerontologie

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Dieses System ist einer der G~nde dafar, dass die ltingere Lebenserwartung far viele Menschen auch subjektiv zu einem sicheren lfingeren Leben geworden ist. Dies gilt sowohl far die materielle Lebenssituation, die mehr Unabh~ingigkeit und Selbstfindigkeit gew~ihrleistet. Dies gilt aber auch far Phasen der Pflegebedttrftigkeit, far die staatliche gefOrderte Hilfen und Sttitzung angeboten werden. Hochaltrigkeit ist also auch eine Konsequenz der Entwicklung des Sozial- und Wohlfahrtsstaates, der soziale Betreuung bis hin zur Pflege ermOglicht.

20-54; MittelstraB 1987). Eine Minimalvoraussetzung k/3nnte folgende Dimensionen beinhalten. (1) Um Transdisziplinaritfit als Perspektive tiberhaupt zu er6ffnen, ist es zuvorderst einmal n6tig, das Bewusstsein daftir zu sch~rfen, dass in konsequenzenreicher Weise in verschiedenen Disziplinen in verschiedenen Sprachen tiber Probleme derselben Welt gesprochen wird. (2) Eine n~ichste Eigenheit stellt sich als Folge der raum-zeitlichen Entgrenzungen in der zweiten Modeme ein: Transdisziplinarit~it als theoretisch-methodische Offnung verbindet sich zunehmend mit der Notwendigkeit inter- oder transkultureller Offnung.

Als eine alternative Strategie schlage ich daher die Transdisziplinaritfit vor. Konkrete Kooperationen zwischen einzelnen F~chern, die dieser Strategie folgen sollen, setzen eine wissenschaftstheoretische Begrandung voraus, auf der die beteiligten Fficher arbeiten k6nnen, ohne dass 52 Anton Amann eines unter ihnen die dominante Definitionsmacht tibemimmt und sich aus dem Reservoir der anderen einfach beliebig bedient. Eine solche wissenschaftstheoretische Begrandung sehe ich im Konzept des ,,Forschungsprogramms".

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